He is now the author of his own e-book, "Beginner German with Herr Antrim". The infinitive can be used to give an order or instruction. Back to the examples that do use infinitive clauses. I plan to go to the movies this evening.Hast du vor, ein Buch irgendwann zu lesen? He takes his toys and goes home. In German the verb “vorhaben” (to have planned) is one of the verbs that is often accompanied by one of these clauses. Deutschlerner: Ich sehe heute einen Film, anstatt mein Deutschbuch lesen.German Learner: I am watching a movie today instead of reading my German book. These phrasings can be pretty slick and efficient, and many languages have them. "Versuchen" is directly related to "treffen." You choose between “haben” and “sein” in the same way you usually would for the Perfekt tense. After specific verbs: „Ich schlage vor, heute Abend ins Kino zu gehen. When you put this into an infinitive clause, the past participle goes before “zu” and the infinitive of either “haben” or “sein” goes after it. When to use “um … zu” We use “um … zu” when we want to express the purpose or intention of an action.If you can replace the “to + verb” in a sentence with “in order to + verb” then use um … zu.. German infinitive clauses always refer to the subject in this case. Now you can clearly see that the subject of the two clauses is the same. So let’s now go them one at a time and see when to use them. If it is in the main clause and it's clear from the context, you can and SHOULD use zu + infinitive. There are a few more weird ways that infinitive clauses are used in German. : Der Kellner bittet den Mann, draußen zu rauchen. You can’t really explicitly use any of the tenses except the past in an infinitive clause. He removes his fingerprints. Do you plan to read a book anytime?Er hat vor, in den Alpen Ski zu fahren. The subject is generally shown in the first clause and the infinitive clause implies that same subject, but it doesn’t have to be this way. Now that you are all experts with regards to infinitive clauses in German, you can practice what you have learned in this lesson with a worksheet right here. He found out that he won the lottery. First, let’s define what we are talking about. The subject is not present in a dependent clause, but I thought it would be helpful to see some examples like that, too. There are some example sentences with several other verbs in German that do something similar. Click the link to download your copy today. German Learner: I want to learn German today. As you can see, there are two verbs in this sentence – “forgot” and “to bring”. The man is deciding not to eat the bread.Ich kann mir nicht leisten, ein neues Auto zu kaufen. They are applicable when you want to use “to + verb” in a sentence. You could also express it with a dass-clause: We can only use infinitive + zu when the subject in the subordinate clause isn't important or it's obvious from the context. The subject is not the same, and in this case it isn’t obvious either. Deutschlerner: Jetzt reicht’s! In the interactive exercises you can test your knowledge. Es war ihm eine Freude gewesen, die Kinder wiederzusehen. This all remains as one word. Er geht nach Hause, um etwas zu essen. We are used to modal verbs needing another verb in its infinitive form so that the sentence makes sense: Ich will tanzen I want to dance Here you have to use a dass-clause, since the subject is different in the two halves of the sentence. German infinitive clauses are constructed with the infinitive form of a verb and the preposition “zu“. We have infinitive clauses in English, too. Infinitive phrases contain a verb in infinitive form (not conjugated) along with the word "zu" ⇒ infinitive with zu. There are, however, certain times when you can use the object of one clause as the subject of the next or the subject of the dependent clause is simply different than the first clause. The infinitive is the base form of a verb and ends in -en.