The fair answer to the need of political philosophy can be drawn from the idea of good government explained by. ‘Why do we need political philosophy?’ examines the three ideas that stand at its very heart: that good and bad government profoundly affect the quality of human lives; that the form our government takes is not predetermined: we have a choice to make; and that we can know what distinguishes good government from bad: we can trace the effects of different forms of government, and we can learn what qualities … Political philosophy can cast light upon the way we think about politics without making claims to a special kind of truth that is inaccessible to the ordinary person. The relevance of political philosophy in today’s contemporary world also reflects the need of it. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Tweet me at @heigrujampk Obeying the state may also suggest that we are obeying the individuals who make up it at a certain time. Yet, political philosophy has stood for a rational spirit of enquiry and it has not refrained from challenging the foundations of political and social order. Marx’s Communist Manifesto created a communist revolution in the world. As an example, you cannot scientifically prove public education provides greater benefits then detrimental side effects, so we use our political philosophy to make the determination and each of us may have our own opinions on the subject. Political philosophy gives us the universal truth of political issues– the truth that applies to all societies and in all periods of history. ( Log Out /  You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Moreover, the state rests on social contract, on consent, represents the General Will, secures justice and pursues the general interest or common good. These timeless works considerably influence and affect our lives and society. He tries to explain the nature of good and bad government, the qualities that rulers ought and ought not to have, and the effects of the two kinds of government on the lives of ordinary people. There is the question of moral obligation too. Human beings have social life and the capacity to organise it effectively for survival purposes. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us. It has been repeatedly debated how a citizen is under the moral obligation to obey the state, and what makes it reasonable, sensible and prudent for one to obey the state. All rights reserved. The fair answer to the need of political philosophy can be drawn from the idea of good government explained by David Miller. Political philosophy- which in several of its phases has been discussing the emotional and moral transformation of man, the dynamics and fluctuations of his temporal development, the laws of his progress, and the nature and significance of  the different stages and periods of historical growth- has to come to the front and provide an understanding of the contemporary crisis. The final idea is that political philosophy enables us to know what distinguishes good government from bad. D. D. Raphael, Problems of Political Philosophy (Palgrave, 2010). I love to write. It is also true that political philosophers have glorified the state. View all posts by Heigrujam Premkumar. Political philosophy also deals with issues that are of vital importance to all of us and issues over which we have real political choices to make. The purpose of political philosophy is to help us choose the best form of government. The problem of political obligation- why should anyone obey the state or why do anyone obey the state– has always been the fundamental problem of political philosophy. At these moments, we need to did deeper, to prove the basis of our political beliefs, and it is here that we may turn to political philosophy, not perhaps at source, but as filtered through pamphlets, magazines, newspapers and the like. He views political philosophy as an investigation into the nature, causes and effects of good and bad government. We then use political philosophy to come up with the best system to make these type determination. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. Please subscribe or login to access full text content. George H. Sabine, A History of Political Theory (Oxford University Press, 1973). ( Log Out /  The state has the authority to issue orders to its citizens and the right to receive obedience from them- the citizens are obliged to obey those orders. The rulers should be politically, socially, economically and ideologically sound and knowledgeable, and the people should also be vigilant and aware of their political arena to achieve the kind of life they want. First, good and bad government profoundly affect the quality of human lives in their respective ways. The laws of the state are intended to protect one’s interest along with those of other people. The need for political philosophy is never-ending especially perhaps at moments when we face new political challenges that we cannot deal with using the conventional wisdom of the day. It matters the way that literacy matters, or secondary education matters. Political philosophy is quite simply mankind’s attempts to consciously understand and solve the problems of his groups life and organisation. Copyright © Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Second, the form our government takes is not predetermined- we have a choice to make. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Political philosophy also deals with issues that are of vital importance to all of us and issues over which we have real political choices to make. The purpose of political philosophy is to help us choose the best form of government. There is equal responsibility and duty between the ruler and the ruled. Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction, https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780192803955.003.0001. While society is very different today from when the … Miller identifies certain ideas which are of important concerns to political philosophy. We can trace the effects of different forms of government, and learn what qualities go to make up the best form of government. Miller identifies certain ideas which are of important concerns to political philosophy. The central problem of political philosophy is how to deploy or limit public power so as to maintain the survival and enhance the quality of human life. Political philosophy can provide vital aid in the understanding of the human spirit. I love to read. Political philosophy as such is an intellectual tradition and its history consists of the evolution of mankind’s thoughts about political problems over time. ( Log Out /  According to D. D. Raphael, state has the justifying function to serve. David Miller, Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2003). One widely accepted answer to the above is that, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Relation between Political Theory and Political Philosophy, The Most Popular Fiction Books of 2016 by Indian Authors, Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction. It discusses about what we ultimately value in our lives and how we can achieve these. The various developments in the field of voting studies, attitude measurement, opinion surveys etc. In any development regarding the conditions of human lives, any change in the society, any development in human value, the study of the state and government, liberty, justice, democracy etc., we cannot deny the importance and relevance of classics such as Plato’s Republic, Aristotle’s Politics, Hobbes’ Leviathan, Machiavelli’ Prince, Rousseau’s The Social Contract, Locke’s Treatises on Civil Government, Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, Marx’s The Communist Manifesto, Mill’s On Liberty, Kautilya’s Arthasashtra etc. Rousseau’s The Social Contract brought French Revolution in 1789 declaring liberty, equality and fraternity to humanity. On all things I am passionate about. Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Society has long hoped that science could dispense with the need for politics. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. Philosophy is the foundation of critical thinking. Maybe not, but political philosophy is different. These are few examples. ‘Why do we need political philosophy?’ examines the three ideas that stand at its very heart: that good and bad government profoundly affect the quality of human lives; that the form our government takes is not predetermined: we have a choice to make; and that we can know what distinguishes good government from bad: we can trace the effects of different forms of government, and we can learn what qualities go to make up the best form of government.