Pp. 1942 George Andrew Reisner. Ameri- can Anthropologist 15(4):54%577. Pp. Willey, Gordon R., and Jeremy A. Sabloff 1974 A History of American Archaeology. American Journal of Archae- ology 46(3):410-412. Neither Wetherill nor Pepper has left any evidence of compunicating his tech- niques; hence, while they remain of historic interest as possible early innovators, they are not part of the process that resulted in what Clark Wissler heralded in his "new archaeology.". Anthropologi- cal Papers of the American Museum of Natural History 3:167-179. Pp. 1907 The Emeryville Shellmound. Woodbury, Richard B. Meltzer, David J., and Robert C. Dunnell. 1912 L'~cole internationale d'archeologie et d'ethnologie amkricaine. 1913 Some Aspects of North American Archaeology. This item is part of JSTOR collection Paper presented at the World Archae- ological Congress, Southampton. This casts doubt on claim that Wetherill had earlier conducted stratigraphic work. Rice, ed. 111-125. New Haven: Yale Uni- versity Press. Jorge Engerrand was the director of the school for the 1912-13 year, when virtually the whole school was involved in stratigraphic excavations (Engerrand 1914; Gamio 1920). 41-91. During 1915, Boas supervised excavation work by Robert Aitken, Herrnann Haeberlin, and J.Alden Mason in Puerto Rico. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Albuquerque: University of New Mex- ico Press. 180-193. Laufer reflected the frustration of the younger group of scholars in his observation that the main problem facing Americanist archaeology was the "lack of a substantial chronologyn (1913576). In investigating these issues, we find that Franz Boas had a long-term interest in archaeology and legitimately may be seen as the vector of influence upon Gamio. Washington, DC: J. W. Bryan Press. Unpublished. Transactions of the Anthropological Society of Washington 3:6&71. Go to Table As Meltzer observes, archaeologists of the day "did not con- sider cultural change on a scale less than the Paleolithic- Neolithic change to be significantn (1985:255). American Journal of Archaeology, 2nd ser., 6:1-6. Berkeley. Harrington, discussing the shell heaps of New York, ob- serves that the deepest levels "are, of course, the oldestn (1909: 170)) and that "in the upper or more recent layers of some shell heaps, are occasionally found relics showing contact with the Whitesn (1909:175). In Methods in Social Science: A Case Book. Engerrand, George C. 1909 Nota preliminar acerca de un yacirniento prehistorico ubicado en Concepcion (Estado De Campeche) acom- panada de un resumen frances. Pp. In a care- ful rereading of the cited reports, we could not identlfy a a paradigm shift was at hand; a critical mass of potential single case of stratigraphic excavation, although there participants in new directions was present. American Museum Journal 13(7):328. For example, Holmes employed Morgan's evolutionary stages "as if they were matters of fact" (Meltzer and Dunnell 1992:xxviii) and as late as 1920 would comment, "If the average aborigines of the eastern half of the United States be regarded as occupying at the time of European coloni- zation, the middle status of barbarism, it would seem that the practice of [ceramics] was not new, having probably extended through all of the first stage of barbarism" (1920:24). Where did primary credit lie?" "ONE OF THE MOST interesting questions in the history of American archaeology has concerned the rise and de- ployment of stratigraphic methods. 1. When this observation was cou- pled with the European view of change (which was perceived in the geological sense of epochal change), then projected on the sparse American prehistoric record, the outcome was a perception that Native American cultures were static. 1960a, b) or at least the first significant stratigraphic excavations (Givens, 1996; Willey, 1953; Willey and Sabloff, 1974). Thus Nelson was in august company; while it may be that he first learned of stratigraphic excavation through reading Uhle's 1902 excavations at Emeryville, he did not experi- ence the technique firsthand until his 1913 field training at Castillo. 1994 Review of The Archaeology of William Henry Holmes, edited by David J. Meltzer and Robert C. Dumell.