Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. 0000003990 00000 n The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. The presented “What Is a Religion” essay sample was written by one of our religion experts. 3. 0000006865 00000 n Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Religion can also be viewed as a cultural phenomenon, characteristic of various human societies with their system of values and fundamental myths. All protests and conflicts are not always negative. It condemns those who are bad and those who are wrong. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is found in all societies, past and present. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. Sacred things are symbols. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. For example, during the medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. hinder the welfare of human beings. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. Religion emphasizes the importance of being good and of being right. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. 0000006620 00000 n In this way religion helps man to bear his frustrations and encourages him to accept his lot on earth. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. /S 108 /Info 11 0 R /Prev 14466 They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. 0000000709 00000 n The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. 15 0 obj If you need a custom term paper on Religion: What Is Religion, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay.While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. /H [ 709 250 ] /Root 14 0 R As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. It is deeply related with conflicts. I The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But it does not develop an ability in them to assume individual responsibility. Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. It creates a gap among them. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. 3. Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. "[Religion is] the belief in Spiritual Beings" (Edward B Tylor, Primitive Culture) 2. Religion creates diversities among people. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty. Privacy Policy 8. It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. %âãÏÓ Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. PDF | On Sep 24, 2012, Gregory W. Dawes and others published What is Religion? Good essay about myself What pdf religion essay is. Faith in God compensates him and sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. They have faith without reasoning which is blind. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture. << This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. %%EOF /Pages 10 0 R Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols. Science is admired greatly, because it gives us power over nature. Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. Religion has been highly influential through the course of human history as a source of influence. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. Social values and norms emanate from religious faith. This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term. Secularism is related to rationalism and empiricism. Religion is a nation-building mechanism in history, even an empire-building mechanism, for example, the Holy Roman Empire, or most of Europe before Protestantism. "By religion, then, I understand a propitiation or conciliation of powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life" (James George Frazer, The Golden Bough). In this manner, the process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. 0 They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. /MediaBox [-0.0000 -0.0000 612.0000 792.0000] Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion. Disclaimer 9. Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in the English language. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and needy persons. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. By faith man is distinguished from other beings. Where can you find free essays, quantum bank case study solution essays on cause and effect. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary. endobj The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. Basic Essay and Paragraph Format Note: This document should only be used as a reference and should not replace assignment guidelines. You're here: Home » English Essay Topics. 13 0 obj There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent. Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. 0000000959 00000 n Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. Copyright 10. An attitude makes a thing holy. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings.