It also contradicts traditionalist understandings of workplace According to the video “ Religion, War, and Violence ,” Just War Theory asserts that military intervention 4. 2) According to Kant's transcendental anthropology, freedom is essential to humanity, but his theory of the beginnings of humanity explains how this freedom had to be discovered at a concrete moment in history (when we realized that we don't have to act on instinct) before this capacity could begin to be developed and cultivated. Kant’s conception of a person goes a long way toward showing why humans are important and what our importance requires of us as we interact with one another. These are the questions I look at in today’s blog. According to Kant, each of our acts reflects one or more maxims. 1. The most basic aim of moral philosophy, and so also of the Groundwork, is, in Kant’s view, to “seek out” the foundational principle of a “metaphysics of morals,” which Kant understands as a system of a priori moral principles that apply the CI to human persons in all times and cultures. The important point is that reason you do an action should be because you have determined that it is the right thing to do. Aims and Methods of Moral Philosophy. To treat a person on the basis of their essential humanity rather than according to other categories they may be members of. An important part of Immanuel Kant’s theory of ethics is the Categorical Imperative. That is what we want to be the universal law. According to Kant, persons: 2. This is a great question, for me at least, because it highlights one of the parts of the Critique of Pure Reason that I really struggled with. According to Kant’s ethics, it’s morally commendable for a person, acting out of good will, to decide that helping at the soup kitchen is the right thing to do, to go there, and then to thoroughly enjoy doing so and feel great compassion for the people helped. A maxim expresses a person's policy, or if he or she has no settled policy, the principle underlying the particular intention or decision on which he or she acts. 1. The maxim of the act is the principle [according to] which one sees oneself as acting. According to Kant, suicide is: 3. This is why Kant is usually seen as morally opposed to affirmative action whatever its expedience may be. But notice that there could be non-human rational creatures, and not all humans are rational creatures. What does it mean to be a person of “good will” and why is it important? Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory developed by German philosopher Immanuel Kant that is based on the notion that: "It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world, or indeed even beyond it, that could be considered good without limitation except a good will."