What is the Difference Between Social Stratification and Social Mobility – Comparison of Key Differences. Content Guidelines 2. Horizontal mobility, on the other hand, is the movement from one social group to another group on the same level. TOS4. ‘Closed Societies’ Based on Ascribed Statuses: Just as totally open societies would never exist, completely “closed societies could be found nowhere in the world. Social Differences: When societal meanings get attached to natural differences becomes social differences like caste, class, etc. The difference between social stratification and social differentiation is subtle as they both are closely related terms. Parentage, that is, children inheriting the social position of their parents is the usual position for the ascribed status. But various factors [personal qualities, political and economic conditions, etc.,] from time to time may influence such statuses. Cole, Nicki Lisa. Essay on Interrelationship Between Social Mobility and Social Stratification – The nature, form, intensity and magnitude of social mobility depend on the nature and the type of social stratification. Furthermore, there are four main principles of social stratification: There are two main types of social stratification systems as closed system and open system. Moreover, all societies have a system of stratification. It is universal (exists in every society), but variable (the system of stratification varies across time and place). A closed society is said to be one in which all individuals were assigned a status at birth or at a certain stage, which could never be changed either for better or worse. In the section above, we talked about how it’s possible to move from one class to another in an open social stratification system. Social stratification is the way people are ranked and ordered in society, while social mobility is the movement of individuals through a system of social stratification. For example, the Indian caste system where people are categorized into four main castes: Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra. It is for this reason the caste system is called a ‘closed system’, and the caste-ridden society, the ‘immobile’ society. When speaking of the society, and also in the discipline of sociology, you may have heard of the terms, social stratification and social differentiation. For example, even in the so called ‘immobile’ society like India, though a Harijan cannot change his caste-status, he can change his educational, economic, employment and political status. “3386334” (CC0) via Pixabay. a. Class- Social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement (Open to social mobility) b. Caste System- Social stratification based on birth (ascribed characteristics) Closed to social mobility. As discussed above, closed social systems allow little social mobility, whereas open social systems allow more social mobility. The class system we see in many modern societies is an open system. In fact, there is very little room for social mobility in closed social systems. Image Source: baef480c1b9a59094802-bb7fd020772cbf1cd099f3b22c712b0b.r79.cf2.rackcdn.com. Those in higher ranks are more likely to have access to various resources and enjoy more privileges when compared to those in lower ranks. Social stratification persists over generations. “The Way People Are Ranked and Ordered in Society.” ThoughtCo, ThoughtCo, 3 Sept. 2019, Available here.2. Natural Differences: Color, age, sex, weight etc. Relevance: Sociology: previous year: Paper I: Stratification. At the same time, it is not possible to make people to confine to their status when they occupy or assume a status without going away from it, or changing it in any manner. Social mobility is the changes in position within the social hierarchy. Members of the castes are not allowed to associated or marry into other castes, and it is not possible to move from one caste to another. This ranking is done based on several factors like race, education, income, occupation, social status and power. In a completely closed society, no individual action, no outstanding merit, or notorious misconduct, could alter one’s ascribed status. There is a close link between the way in which individuals obtain their statuses and the nature and type of social mobility. But in no society all the deserving individuals can obtain statutes of their likings, desires and expectations. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. In this sense, there are no completely ‘open ‘ and ‘mobile’ societies and completely ‘closed’ and ‘immobile’ societies. The main difference between social stratification and social mobility is that social stratification is the way people are ranked and ordered in society, while social mobility is the movement of individuals through a system of social stratification. 75. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. What is Social Mobility – Definition, Types3. What is the Difference Between Social Stratification and Social Mobility, Difference Between Nuclear Family and Joint Family, Difference Between Conjugal and Consanguine Family. In open society, there is a possibility to move from one class to another based on one’s achievements. 4 min read. Here, the status is determined mainly by the talents, intelligence, wealth and achievements of the persons. But these social positions would be gained solely by personal achievement and merit. Open system, on the other hand, allows more change and freedom. Closed systems tend to be extremely rigid, and does not allow changes in social positions. Stratification involves inequality as well as beliefs and attitudes. In a class system, opportunities are provided for social mobility. Essay on Interrelationship Between Social Mobility and Social Stratification – The nature, form, intensity and magnitude of social mobility depend on the nature and the type of social stratification. Similarly, a Brahmin, who is born as a Brahmin, would die as a Brahmin. by Hasa. 1. Social class refers to differences in groups of people by income level, occupation, education, and cultural values. Sometimes, it is also possible to move through the strata in social stratification and reach a different level. In social stratification, social mobility can occur in three directions: Accordingly, there are two types of social mobility as vertical mobility and horizontal mobility.