Valencia oranges are the only type of orange available in the summer – It's true! The commercial harvest season in Florida runs from March to June. He became a Mexican citizen in the 1820s, when in his 20s, while working in Santa Fe, New Mexico as a fur trapper, and then migrating to California, which was still Mexican at the time. When you eat fresh oranges in the summer you are probably eating Valencia oranges. The Spanish Citrus Historical Museum or Museu de Ia Taronja, is now closed, but it should be remembered as. He continued to buy land, and later had sheep ranches, as well as developing extensive citrus orchards. Its excellent taste and internal color make it desirable for the fresh fruit markets, too. [4] After bloom, it usually carries two crops on the tree, the old and the new. A meander through the dwarf fruit trees where picking of fresh oranges is possible and the place for a picnic in the orange grove. For more on the tours of the orange groves, museums or any part of Valencia, see Valencia Guias. [citation needed], In the mid 20th century, Florida botanist Lena B. Smithers Hughes introduced major improvements to the Valencia orange, developing virus-free strains for budwood production. [citation needed], Before his death in 1866, Wolfskill sold his patented Valencia hybrid to the Irvine Ranch owners, who planted nearly half their lands to its cultivation. The museum was also the main tourist office. Since the beginning of the 19th century Valencia has been a major grower and trader of oranges and Valencia now produces 70 per cent of Spain’s oranges for export, the secret of success for this region lies in its location on the edge of a climatic zone that has cold winter spells which help produce the deep orange colour. The success of this crop in Southern California led to the naming of Valencia, California. The long daylight hours of sunshine combined with mild winter temperatures produce a balance of sweet and sour flavour. The fruit has an average diameter of 2.7 to 3 inches (69 to 76 mm; 6.9 to 7.6 cm), and a piece of this fruit which weighs 96 grams (3.4 oz) has 45 calories and 9 grams of sugar. Valencia oranges were soon on sale in markets all over Spain and starting with the south of France, the trade spread to the rest of western Europe throughout the century. Worldwide, Valencia oranges are prized as the only variety of orange in season during summer. It was the only museum dedicated to oranges – growing, trade, history and transportation in the world. Investigators found that it was a pigmented bud sport of a conventional Valencia orange tree. The orange tour is available from October until the end of April, when the oranges, tangerines and clementines are fully formed on the trees. Born in the UK to an English mother and Spanish father, Amancay relocated to her father's home town of Alboraya in 2010. 12 Tips for Planning Your Stay In Valencia, It’s Almost Time for The Fallas – The Biggest Valencia Party of the Year, Spanish Birds of Prey Make a Killing in Valencia, Valencia for the Active Skinflint Tourist, How to Choose a Study Abroad Program in Valencia, The History & Creation of Las Fallas of Valencia, Latest Trends In the Valencia Property Market. Thanks to our growing them, we contribute to maintaining the natural ecosystem of the Valencian countryside and provide an environmentally friendly activity. "Lena Hughes, Orange Tree Researcher, Dies". – Taronja means orange in Valencian. It was first hybridized by pioneer American agronomist and land developer William Wolfskill in the mid-19th century on his farm in Santa Ana, southern California, United States, North America.