OUR TEAM WILL BE CONTACTING YOU SHORTLY. During the Renaissance, ultramarine was the finest and most expensive blue that could be used by painters. ... Ultramarine Violet (CI 77007) Customers who bought this product also bought. It was valued chiefly on account of its brilliancy of tone and its inertness in opposition to sunlight, oil, and slaked lime. The pigment was most extensively used during the 14th through 15th centuries, as its brilliance complemented the vermilion and gold of illuminated manuscripts and Italian panel paintings. In about 1787, he observed the blue deposits on the walls of lime kilns near Palermo in Italy. "Pigments, Inorganic, 3. They are semi-transparent to visible light and transparent to NIR ("cool" pigment), but their cool performance is highly dependent on the substrate and formulation. [15], Girl with a Pearl Earring, by Johannes Vermeer (c. 1665), Lady Standing at a Virginal, by Johannes Vermeer (c. 1675), The turban of the Girl with a Pearl Earring by Vermeer is painted with a mixture of ultramarine and lead white, with a thin glaze of pure ultramarine over it. The different ultramarines—green, blue, red and violet—are finely ground and washed with water. He did not, however, mention if it was suitable to grind for a pigment. Ferro can match your color chip/drawdown or we can refer to complete files of OSHA, Munsel, RAL, Federal Standard 595 Series or Pantone® matching systems to achieve your reference number. [19][20], In 1814, Tassaert observed the spontaneous formation of a blue compound, very similar to ultramarine, if not identical with it, in a lime kiln at St. Gobain,[21] which caused the Societé pour l'Encouragement d'Industrie to offer, in 1824, a prize for the artificial production of the precious color. Ultramarine was the finest and most expensive blue used by Renaissance painters. Bluing or "Laundry blue" is a suspension of synthetic ultramarine (or the chemically different prussian blue) that is used for this purpose when washing white clothes. Ultramarine was only used for frescoes when it was applied "secco" because fresco's absorption rate made its use cost prohibitive. The raw materials used in the manufacture of synthetic ultramarine are the following: The preparation is typically made in steps: "Ultramarine poor in silica" is obtained by fusing a mixture of soft clay, sodium sulfate, charcoal, sodium carbonate and sulfur. We assist customers in their product development efforts to ensure regulatory compliance (e.g., usage in food, cosmetics) and desired performance including anticorrosion, outdoor durability and NIR reflectance. The cookies collect information in a way that does not directly identify anyone. You may disable these by changing your browser settings, but this may affect how the website functions. Necessary cookies enable core functionality such as security, network management and accessibility. In Lady standing at a virginal, the young woman's dress is painted with a mixture of ultramarine and green earth, and ultramarine was also used to add shadows in the flesh tones. For more information on how these cookies work, please see our Cookies Notice. [12][13] At the beginning of the 13th century, an improved method came into use, described by Cennino Cennini in the 15th century. Large quantities are used in the manufacture of paper, and especially for producing a kind of pale blue writing paper which was popular in Britain. [25], Deep blue purple color pigment which was originally made with ground lapis lazuli, This article is about the pigment and the color. Hydrochloric acid immediately bleaches it with liberation of hydrogen sulfide. [24], More generally "ultramarine blue" can refer to a vivid blue. The 15th century artist Cennino Cennini wrote in his painters' handbook: "Ultramarine blue is a glorious, lovely and absolutely perfect pigment beyond all the pigments. The sulfur burns, and a fine blue pigment is obtained. [7], Lapis lazuli specimen (rough), Afghanistan, Ultramarine is the aluminosilicate zeolite with a sodalite structure. Pigment Violet 15 (C.I. We use necessary cookies to make our site work. It is also often found in make-up such as mascaras or eye shadows. This process was performed at least three times, with each successive extraction generating a lower quality material. Even a small addition of zinc oxide to the reddish varieties especially causes a considerable diminution in the intensity of the color. Ultramarine Blue Pigment £ 1.35 / … This process consisted of mixing the ground material with melted wax, resins, and oils, wrapping the resulting mass in a cloth, and then kneading it in a dilute lye solution. 77007) is a violet Ultramarine (Sodium Aluminum Sulfosilicate) with chemical formula Na 8 -x [ (Al,Si) 12 ]O 24 (Sy) 2. Ultramarine Violet Pigment. A blue product is obtained at once, but a red tinge often results. [23] Variants of the pigment "ultramarine red", "ultramarine green", "ultramarine violet" are known, and are based on similar chemistry and crystal structure. Titian made dramatic use of ultramarine in the sky and draperies of Bacchus and Ariadne (1520–23). Ultramarine Violet provides a very specific violet shade very much valued by its brightness. Her blue cloak is painted in ultramarine. The first recorded use of ultramarine as a color name in English was in 1598.[10]. For more detailed information about the cookies we use, see our Cookie Notice. "Ultramarine rich in silica" is generally obtained by heating a mixture of pure clay, very fine white sand, sulfur and charcoal in a muffle furnace. Advanced Color Matching Colored Pigments" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2012, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Ultramarine Violet is an inorganic pigment whose color has been classified as Pigment Violet 15/C.I. "[11] Natural ultramarine is the most difficult pigment to grind by hand, and for all except the highest quality of mineral, sheer grinding and washing produces only a pale grayish blue powder. Current terminology for ultramarine includes natural ultramarine (English), outremer lapis (French), Ultramarin echt (German), oltremare genuino (Italian), and ultramarino verdadero (Spanish). The negative charge on these ions is balanced by Na+ ions that also occupy these cages. As a result of the high price, artists sometimes economized by using a cheaper blue, azurite, for under painting. All of our colors are matched to Ferro standards or your reference sample, ensuring precise color reproduction from order to order. Providing Formulation Guides/Assistance with Startup Formula Creation Ultramarine Pink Pigment £ 1.95 / pack(s) Display. [7], Synthetic ultramarine is a more vivid blue than natural ultramarine, since the particles in synthetic ultramarine are smaller and more uniform than the particles in natural ultramarine and therefore diffuse light more evenly. Ultramarine Violet (PV15) Pigment Violet 15 (C.I. UNII-1YZ11D167R. THANK YOU FOR YOUR INQUIRY. [2] The name comes from the Latin ultramarinus, literally "beyond the sea", because the pigment was imported into Europe from mines in Afghanistan by Italian traders during the 14th and 15th centuries.[3]. We’d also like to set optional analytics cookies to help us improve it. [7] During World War I, the RAF painted the outer roundels with a color made from Ultramarine Blue. The resultant solids are then ground and washed, as is the case in any other insoluble pigment's manufacturing process; the chemical reaction produces large amounts of, Plesters, J. The term "ultramarine green" indicates a dark green, barium chromate is sometimes referred to as "ultramarine yellow". Our spectrophotometry process minimizes metamerism, speeds up color matching, ensures consistent quality and helps identify the pigment combination that produces any given color for the lowest possible cost and right performance characteristics, including outdoor durability and NIR reflectance. Tessaërt gave a sample of the pigment to the French chemist, "The Color of Art Pigment Database: Pigment Blue - PB", "Ultramarine-Blue-Pigment - Analysis, Applications, Process, Patent, Consultants, Company Profiles, Suppliers, Market, Report", "Chemische Untersuchung über die blaue Färbung des Ultramarins", "Note sur une couleur bleue artificielle analogue à l'outremer", "Ueber die künstliche Darstellung einer dem Ultramarin ähnlichen Farbe", True blue: a brief history of ultramarine, Shades and tints and color harmonies of ultramarine, More shades and tints and color harmonies of ultramarine, An alternative ultramarine color (#5A7CC2) from, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ultramarine&oldid=990784088#Structure_and_classification_of_ultramarines, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.