Corduroy is also available as a cotton/polyester blend to help prevent wrinkles. A type of fabric with patterned cut-out designs around which stitching or embroidery is applied to prevent the fabric from raveling. Woven fabrics are made from two pieces of yarn that are stretched out over a loom and woven together in both horizontal and vertical directions. Combing results in a cleaner, more uniform, and lustrous yarn. Bamboo fabric has insulating properties to keep the wearer cooler in summer and warmer in winter. It is lightweight and soft, but stronger and more durable than rubber and is used in compression garments, swimwear, and bras. This process results in a stronger and more lustrous yarn that is more easily dyed, producing brighter, deeper colors. Microfleece is an ultra-soft synthetic wool-like fabric. A velvet-like fabric that has been flattened to achieve the desired design or look. It can be used in knits, wovens, and non-wovens as either a filament or spun yarn. Elastane is just another name for spandex. Woven fabrics are made from two pieces of yarn that are stretched out over a loom and woven together in both horizontal and vertical directions. This glossary of types of fabric will help you interpret clothing care labels. • By using The Spruce, you accept our, Common Fabric Materials Used in Bed Sheets and Bedding, What Causes Clothes to Shrink in the Laundry, A Guide to Bed Sheets, Bedding Weaves, and Fabrics, How Care and Clean for Satin Clothes and Sheets, How to Care for Damask Linens and Clothes, How to Clean and Care for Bamboo Clothes and Fabrics. The name "Supima" is a licensed trademark of a group of cotton growers. This is a two-way stretch nylon fabric used in high-end compression garments. A synthetic fiber with a hollow core to keep you warmer and drier by wicking moisture away. It can be made from cotton or man-made fibers. The word "elastane" is used in Europe while "spandex" is used in the United States. • Also, a number of techniques are used for producing fabrics such as weaving, knitting, and felting. For the best laundry results, it is good to have a working knowledge of fabrics. Mesh can be made from many different types of fibers. Tricot is a finely knit fabric that stretches in both the lengthwise and crosswise directions. Tencel is the trademark name for lyocell. Any fabric that has a pattern woven into the fabric rather than printed on the surface is jacquard. A double knit machine, which has two complete sets of needles, is required for this construction. The name honors the Pima Indians who grow cotton for the U.S.Department of Agriculture in Sacaton, Arizona. A lightweight, synthetic fiber that can be used to line coats, vests, and padded garments. Low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly. Elastane/spandex trade names are Lycra and Dorlastan. A synthetic fiber made from polyurethane. Carbon-infused fibers created by burning bamboo are blended with a synthetic fiber to create a durable, high-tech fabric that is anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, breathable, and moisture-wicking. Generally, a set number of yarns are used for the formation of fabrics. The result is a fabric that is thin, soft, and luxurious. A netlike ornamental fabric made by looping, twisting, or knitting thread in patterns by hand or machine. Linen is one of the world's oldest textile fibers. Sturdy fabric with a twill weave that can be made of cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers. If you have problems with laundry, you probably don't understand the properties of different types of fabrics. Crisp, fine linen that is sometimes called altar cloth and used for that purpose. Garments made from modal have anti-crease properties and are relatively easy care. Lining fabrics can be made of natural or man-made fibers. It can be made from cotton or a blended fiber. The fabric can be made from cotton, linen, polyester, or blended fibers. Fabrics in this list include fabrics that are woven, braided or knitted from textile fibres. Glazed cotton in a plain weave. It is also the European term for nylon. The fabric can be made with natural or synthetic fibers. A rib stitch variation, interlock stitch fabrics are thicker, heavier, and more stable than single knit constructions. A very high quality knit fabric with 4-way stretch that comes from Italy. Latex is made with rubber and thus has rubber-like qualities. It is a 100 percent American Pima cotton. Woven fabrics include linen, denim, twill, satin, chiffon, corduroy, tweed, and canvas. Chintz has bright colors and prints, often florals. Similar to natural silk, it is common to find occasional slubs which add to its natural beauty. Linen fabrics are very cool and absorbent but wrinkle very easily unless blended with manufactured fibers. Tactel nylon is made by DuPont. A natural filament fiber produced by the silkworm in the construction of its cocoon. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage. Today jersey can be knit from many different types of fibers. Your IP: 184.108.40.206 It is lightweight and quick drying. Its care is the same as cotton fabric. Often used inside the top of lingerie to make it cling to the skin. Pima cotton is a generic name for extra-long-staple cotton grown in the U.S., Australia, and Peru. Woven versions have cords running lengthwise, or in the warp direction. Pima cotton is grown in Peru and harvested by hand, which reduces the scratchy impurities and guarantees a more brilliant white shade that can be easily dyed. Fibers are typically one-half to two inches long. This fabric is a sub-category of rayon. Knitting is a process that loops a piece of yarn in a row a few times, then links those loops with another row of loops and so on. The longest staple fibers, longer than one and one-half inch, including the Pima and Egyptian varieties, produce the highest quality cotton fabrics. In Europe, they call this elastane. Woven fabrics do not stretch because their fibers run at 45-degree angles to one another. This fabric can be a knit or a woven but is made with novelty yarn. Mary has been writing professionally for more than 20 years and is a leading expert on fabric care and housekeeping. A term applied to a yarn or a fabric that is made up of more than one fiber. The fabric is delicate and light. The fabric can be made from natural or synthetic fibers. A hard-spun two-ply cotton yarn made from long-staple fibers and treated to remove all short fuzzy ends for a smooth finish. This device individually controls needles or small groups of needles and allows very complex and highly patterned knits to be created. An extremely sheer, lightweight, soft fabric made of silk, polyester, rayon, or other fibers. A generic term for a plain knit fabric without a distinct rib. A shiny, plastic-coated fabric typically made with a woven backing of polyester fibers that are then coated with polyvinyl chloride or a blend of PVC and polyurethane. A silk-like fabric made from wood pulp or other vegetable matter. The basic fiber-forming substance for nylon fiber. Wool fabric that is processed in hot water and felted to create a very dense final product used for coats, jackets, and slippers. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. In blended yarns, two or more different types of staple fibers are twisted or spun together to form the yarn. A soft fuzzy fabric developed in France where chenille translates to "caterpillar." Can be made in a variety of fibers. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. A medium-weight fabric, either knit or woven, with raised dobby designs including cords, wales, waffles, or patterns. Knit fabrics are made the same way a scarf is hand-knit at home. The fabric can be a natural fiber like cotton or bamboo or synthetic fiber. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f8e10ad7d40e9e4 A double-knit fabric in which a Jacquard type of mechanism is used. A woven fabric using flat silver or gold metal threads to create either the design or the background in the fabric. The fibers are much stronger and more lustrous than cotton. This is a study plain or twill weave cotton fabric. Knitted versions are double-knit fabric constructions, created on multi-feed circular knitting machines. Modal is made with cellulose from beech trees and is essentially a variety of rayon. A knit fabric in which two layers of loops are formed that cannot be separated. Fabric made with cotton fibers that are combed to remove short fibers and any debris. Usually made from cotton, corduroy is a durable pile fabric with lengthwise ridges cut into the pile called wales.