[8] You need to own a Sword Cane! Over time, however, they progressed to curved blades. The Elizabethan long sword (cf. [48] Modern versions of the katana are sometimes made using non-traditional materials and methods. Some of these terms originate contemporaneously with the weapons which they describe. Traditionally, straight swords have been used by Western European cultures, while curved swords are known for being more Eastern, particularly Middle Eastern scimitars and the Indian Talwar. [citation needed] The arming sword was wrongly labelled a broadsword by antiquarians as the medieval swords were similar in blade width to the military swords of the day (that were also sometimes labeled as broadswords) and broader than the dueling swords and ceremonial dress swords. Two handed jians from the time of the Chu (state) and Han Dynasty were up to 150 cm (58 in) long. [35][36], The Spartiatēs were always armed with a xiphos as a secondary weapon. ")[20] Espée bastarde could also historically refer to a single-handed sword with a fairly long blade compared to other short swords. These terms were often described in relation to other unrelated weapons, without regard to their intended use and fighting style. [citation needed], The sabre (US saber) or shable (French sabre, Spanish sable, Italian sciabola, German Säbel, Russian sablya, Hungarian szablya, Polish szabla, Ukrainian shablya) is a single-edged curved bladed cavalry sword.[56]. These swords are typically designed for slashing attack, chopping items, severing limbs, or for broad sweeping actions. It also requires less training to wield a curved blade than a straight sword. In later usage, the cutlass referred to the short naval boarding sabre. Jian (simplified Chinese: 剑; traditional Chinese: 劍; pinyin: jiàn; Cantonese: Gim) is a double-edged straight sword used during the last 2,500 years in China. "Let thy (long) Rapier or (long) Sword be foure foote at the least, and thy dagger two foote." [39][40][41] Early models were either two-handers or “hand-and-half” hilted,[42] while later 16th and 17th century models (also known as koncerz) were one-handed and used by cavalry. The majority of these elongated weapons were designed for agility, precision and rapid thrusting blows to exploit gaps in the enemy's defences; some are capable of piercing iron or steel armour. In modern times, this variety of sword is also sometimes referred to as the broadsword. [citation needed]. Terminology was further complicated by terms introduced[1] or misinterpreted[2][3][4] in the 19th century by antiquarians and in 20th century pop culture,[5] and by the addition of new terms such as "great sword", "Zweihänder" (instead of Beidhänder), and "cut-and-thrust sword". In Athenian art, Spartan hoplites were often depicted using a kopis instead of the xiphos, as the kopis was seen as a quintessential "villain" weapon in Greek eyes.[45]. Main article: Weapon Types Curved Swords are a type of weapon in Demon's Souls. Traditional Chinese swords are generally characterized by having either a straight or slightly curved blade. The term claymore is an anglicisation of the Gaelic claidheamh-mór "great sword", attested in 1772 (as Cly-more) with the gloss "great two-handed sword". An Indian sword, the Khanda, was famously straight, as was the Turkish Y’tanga. ", The term "rapier" appeared in the English lexicon via the French épée rapière which either compared the weapon to a rasp or file; it may be a corruption of "rasping sword"[37] which referred to the sound the blade makes[38] when it comes into contact with another blade. The Bastard sword, or longsword, also known as long sword or long-sword, is a type of European sword characterized by a cruciform hilt with a two handed with a straight double-edged blade.