This is a brief introductory tutorial that explains the methodologies applied in the rapidly growing area of individual and group behavior in an organization. Our goal was to encourage the extension and application of basic current social psychology to group behavior. PDF. Organizational Behavior: Definition, assumptions, Historical Background Fundamental concepts of OB, research foundation, trends, impact of globalization, learning organization and Knowledge management.. Individual and Group Behavior i About the Tutorial Individual and group behavior are a combination of responses to external and internal stimuli by a person individually as well as by a group approach. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Figure 1. h��U�k�0�W��=ɲd�P %%EOF h�bbd``b`�$��% �� $X� �"̕����@,c�:K q�#C5�����N�g�� � �� Our goal was to encourage the extension and application of basic current social psychology to group behavior. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4634-3, Introduction: The Study of Group Behavior, Social Comparison Theory: Self-Evaluation and Group Life, Cognitive Dissonance Theory: Collective Actions and Individual Reactions, Self-Presentation Theory: Self-Construction and Audience Pleasing, Drive Theory: Effects of Socially Engendered Arousal, Social Impact Theory: A Social Forces Model of Influence, Self-Attention Theory: The Effects of Group Composition on the Individual, Social Cognition Theory of Group Processes, Transactive Memory: A Contemporary Analysis of the Group Mind. However, according to this theory, the fear of discrimination causes one to act in accordance to what the group is acting like (Capozza & Brown, 2000).The theory identifies three major factors that contribute to emergence of favoritism for in-group. Part of Springer Nature. _�N��;X�����J � Nh(� I���VF�A郗�Đ��v�����,)�7k_�>t�_��N��L0�#e�H&��5f��"��{~=�M�X����ۇ�K>iWEձH�����OE��v,I$�P���L�]�iY�������u�C6&������|_��-�}Ѳ��'���y��l7���d�.�,ɴ蚢[m�M������b����w�jRmv|��o��|~,��m�Ǯn�wۃR�� 249 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<21F4B3912D5F5C40BD87B31FAA744C3D><28A715232F7A814EA3AECBD1CDB45919>]/Index[236 20]/Info 235 0 R/Length 70/Prev 146248/Root 237 0 R/Size 256/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream In the fall of 1983, we began to organize a symposium entitled "General Social Psychological Theories of Group Behavior." In the fall of 1983, we began to organize a symposium entitled "General Social Psychological Theories of Group Behavior." For example, one perspective that is conspicuous by its absence is some variant of learning theory. endstream endobj 237 0 obj <>/Metadata 25 0 R/Outlines 43 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 234 0 R/StructTreeRoot 56 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 238 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 239 0 obj <>stream H�|V�r�8��+p�L ��Tj�d�T�&3s�s�e�R�&]���~� �؎6^o�}Z��'ø�m#{�f~2��b�ް�y�?������?vY8�Ͻ,K[�"�R��yo�*�������ز����i6���Ks��q�w�����36��](�X3��z���u��f��,SRT�`�����4���e0�Y9V?�.�7�Y�x'������O\��[����7�B˂3���)���� ��$�IN�nL�x' Some clarification about the contents is in order. theory, he describes groups as open and complex systems, and characterize as internal and external forces that affect . Introduction. Contemporarily, according to the needs and developments, new items are participating in these forces. (SSSOC), Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Z�'����(�����- ��G ٷ^K�2�_���Ip���W+qL�����K�ߠ�5;P#|Љ�b݈�~�cc�>Ϳcy��I�8� ��` �}� 224 Group Dynamics and Behaviour . This article throws light on the four important theories of group formation, i.e, (1) Propinquity Theory, (2) Homan’s Theory, (3) Balance Theory, and (4) Exchange Theory. Behavior change: Theories and techniques Behavior Change Theories (Details in Table I, p. 19) Techniques for Changing Behavior (Details in Table II, p. 25) An integrative model of behavior Community/group organization and development Cognitive dissonance theory Education as a transformational activity First, the theories presented here are clearly social psychological in scope and level of analysis, as discussed in the Introduction (Chapter 1). However, we are not trying to encompass sociological, anthropological, political, or historical theoretical approaches to group behavior. book series endstream endobj startxref Propinquity Theory of Group Behaviour (George Homes 1950-60) Propinquity means affiliation which may be due to spatial or due to geographical proxim ity . 192.245.157.40. 255 0 obj <>stream Second, while the theories comprise a wide-ranging and representative, if not quite exhaustive, selection of social psychological theories of group behavior, there are some interesting and general perspectives that are not represented. the behavior of the group[ 2]. 8w��-����Q�9�WX[�F3چ̂��T�%�3��4S�6��5�73�E�c�d^��q�Î�E�ѸA�3)tqvN]�+���c2*��b�w­d�L�5ƒ��a;fd��C k����9^m�i��GhXa~������*˨���Υr.i�`|�=��Ǵ1��9��v��$� (� ��j�q��a!1g�`M_�;0��|;4v�L�2Y^J��&��������/9?��IFj����P��CL�� 0 Not logged in Springer Series in Social Psychology %PDF-1.5 %���� endstream endobj 240 0 obj <>stream h�b```�r������ea�� $�7i�7�|����A~���k����"����GCC�d�Ț�@��Q�5��b� ��f�c�e `�c��b�"�"�,�����������X���"H]��L Nevertheless, recent studies also investigate interaction of these forces with themselves and each other. About this book. Propinquity Theory: The most basic theory explaining affiliation is propinquity. Theories of Group Formation: 1. Group behavior influences personal behavior and personal behavior also affects how the individuals in a group act. ION Chapter 1 provided an overview of the area of research for this study, by identifying, among others, the objectives of the study together with the importance attributed to the study. Our inclusion or exclusion of a theory reflects our judgment regarding its currency and accessibility to social psychological researchers. Individual Behavior and managing diversity: individual behaviour, main reasons impact, trends and layers of diversity, initiatives.Personality Development: meaning, theories of … Not affiliated PDF | The different theories on consumer behavior and the relevant research conducted on the understanding of the consumer behavior. 236 0 obj <> endobj This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Part of the :Ė��ľ�U�.� �+�IՖ�{^6m7�� lv���Ύέ�Ԛ/�~tXʲy*�&_�^w��>M ���0$q�a�����ކ [��?�2=Ĝ��?�pPJ�LF,�&+%��uB2�j0��+#�Ƣ�vg� ��QOuC �o�Q]$����{k�rz�oWcx&T��1���(êԣm�=S��A�^��v�ԑ>D�N�z��ѐ�Ub ^-��BY�]YPA�`����Q� 7�Z �JǾ0�G�X�*��!�Qh4��i1Oǟ����Ws��)��p,F��sO����L^˷��oe�6���ֻ�Y�MGH7���YW�/����m���ԫ���@�f*�̽>O* }ϝ�'�sE"iУm�S������F¤!�j�´�6"_��zceceg�1�ݜmH�q/W The symposium was presented in the spring of 1984 at the Eastern Psychological Association convention in Baltimore and the interest that it generated led to discussions with colleagues and friends about similar efforts by social psychologists, eventually resulting in the present book. �x�ǁ��h�Ds���3I� M��>�,�. Aside from the rare, notable exception (e.g., Buss, 1979), little work currently is being done on group behavior from a learning theoretic perspective.