Such approaches leave everything to chance and do not, in Sweet's view, bear serious comparison with the likes of Cartier-Bresson, Evans, Frank, Meyerowitz, or Arbus. Possibly the most important Street Photographer of all, the Swiss-American Robert Frank, raised the status of the Snapshot to art and his influence was to enthuse the next generation of American photographers. Both men formed close bonds with the Surrealists and so their Street Photography - which at core embraced the principle of the Surrealist's spontaneous "automatic" technique - is often attributed with blurring any obvious distinction between what might be called Documentary Photography and fine art. ", "For me, the camera is a sketch book, an instrument of intuition and spontaneity. That's what I deal with. Street Photography tends to be spontaneous and seeks to capture a moment - or a split second - that would have, without the photographer's intervention, gone unnoticed. Using a concealed 35mm Contax camera, which Evans activated with a rigged shutter cable release, he was able to record the culture and manners of commuters. Street Photography tends to be spontaneous and seeks to capture a moment - or a split second - that would have, without the photographer's intervention, gone unnoticed. ", Content compiled and written by Rebecca Seiferle, Edited and revised, with Summary and Accomplishments added by Anthony Todd. Typically, street photography is all about capturing chance interactions of everyday human activity within urban areas, but unlike documentary photography, the general content of the scene or its precise location are immaterial. Describing himself as being "like a detective or a spy" Frank used his camera to capture an unvarnished and unguarded cross-section of American society, and in so doing, he brought a new sense of liberation to photographic art. Flickr, for instance, has over 400 groups with half a million members dedicated to Street Photography. As such, the human figure becomes the Street photograph's most vivid and defining feature. 46 contemporary street photographers, By Lisette Model with a preface by Berenice Abbott, By Sean O'Hagen / It is closely associated with a Snapshot Aesthetic which describes a technique in which a loose and informal composition brings an intense energy and a new truth to the image. Arbus identified with, and duly sought out, particular subjects, namely those who occupied the margins of society (outsiders whom she affectionately referred to as "freaks"), Winogrand's attitude was often (though not always) one of an aggressive intruder whose aim was to elicit a response from his subjects when confronted with his camera. A New Look at Walker Evans's 'American Photographs', The Hidden Camera: the story of Paul Martin, 10 Street Photographers Who Are Immortalizing Our Modern World, Henri Cartier Bresson - Just Plain Love (Documentary), Henri Cartier-Bresson "Pen, Brush and Camera" 1998 Full Length Documentary, Inside Photographer Robert Frank's The Americansâ¬, âªStreetwise - Robert Frank and The Americansâ¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬â¬, Bijoux de Montmartre, Bar de la Lune (1932), New York (Children with Broken Mirror) (1939). Two years after this picture was taken, William Henry Fox-Talbot had developed the Calotype, and though it lacked the detail of the copper plate Daguerreotype, it offered capacity for producing a flexible negative from which multiple copies could be made. Cartier-Bresson was inspired by the Surrealists and we see that influence too in the surrealistic preoccupation with the idea of the uncanny doppelgÃ¤nger (revealed in the man's reflection). Frank moved to the U.S. from Switzerland and in his later career worked in expirimental and documentary filmmaking. Learn street photography in Dallas, Texas. Vivian Maier is often referred to as the Mary Poppins of Street Photography as she was working as a nanny while creating an large and imaginitive collection of photographs. Joel Meyerowitz's dynamic photographs of the streets of New York and his pioneering use of color film secured his reputation as important innovator in American Photography. September 24, 2009, By Jessica Stewart / Influenced by Walker Evans and Cartier-Bresson, her photographs combine the objective humanism of Evans with Cartier-Bresson's emphasis on the "decisive moment" and, like Cartier-Bresson, her work was influenced by Surrealism's interest in exploring the idea of the uncanny. When she arrived in New York (from Paris) Abbott (herself a native American) was taken aback by the transformation in New York's manmade landscape. It is associated (if not exclusively so) with the hand-held 35mm SLR camera and especially the emergence of the very compact Leica and its superior lens quality. "Street Photography Movement Overview and Analysis". That anyone can do.". But there can be little doubt that Street Photography was elevated to new artistic standards in the late 1950s with the publication of Robert Frank's book The Americans, undoubtedly one of the most influential photographic projects of the 20th century. More recently still, photographers such as Joel Meyerowitz even experimented with the larger format 8x10 Hasselblad camera.