1. In this stage, the individual utilises logical reasoning, abstract thinking and problem solving (full formal operational thinking) and assumes responsibility for their own beliefs and values. Fowler’s developmental model has been empirically investigated, with the creation of research instruments, such as the Faith Development Scale of Gary Leak. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 16(2), 27-29. According to Fowler, when the person in Stage 4 becomes ready to attend to the "anarchic and disturbing inner voices" of the unconscious mind he becomes ready to move on to Stage 5. ( Log Out /  Christian, Muslim, Jewish) would describe a person’s meaning-making according to the model as ‘idolatry’ rather than ‘faith’ if the meaning-making was not based on something other than the religion’s particular tenets. Fowler, J. W. (1991). (2004). San Francisco: Harper & Row.] Consequently, the faith development model focuses on the “psychological factors that facilitate the operation of faith” and does not address any specific content of faith (i.e. Religious Education, 99(4), 345-357. D., RGC This is a pre-language faith in which the infant forms a rudimentary faith based on the infant’s relationship with his or her parents. D. The study of human development is an area which has inspired much interest from theorists and researchers seeking to explain a wide range of human functions. The formulation of a Fowler scale: An empirical assessment among Catholics. Fowler (1991: 31) defines faith as “universal quality of human meaning making”. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 33(3), 281-298. Jones, T. P. (2004). 1. He appreciated the stages as interdependent, changing with life’s circumstances. For criticism see Developmental approaches to religion. The individual’s “faith” becomes susceptible to the shaping influence of societal norms and accepted groups or structures (Einstein, 1978). Addressing children’s beliefs through fowler’s stages of faith. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 11(3), 185-199. An introduction to various theories of spiritual development. When we are at conventional faith, it is difficult to critique a theory that steps beyond conventions of “grace,” “salvation,” and other theological definitions. His Stages 0 and 1 (IF they were present in an adult) would be roughly equivalent to our (egocentric) Lawless stage. Among the harsher critics is the view that faith development model has irreconcilable flaws and consequently is a “paradigm reaching the end of its life” (Heywood, 2008: 270). - Imitation and modeling of parents. Barnes, M., Doyle, D., & Johnson, B. The separation was based on the idea that “faith” involves loyalty and trust to centre of value and does not require intellectual agreement to any specific assertions. Fowler’s faith development model has seven stages based on the developmental models of Piaget, Erikson and Kohlberg and other theorists (see Fowler, 1991; Fowler, 2000; Fowler, 2001; Fowler, 2004). The criticism of not acknowledging the requisite content and the criticism of not being post modernist enough, do not sit well together. But that would require a step out of the conventional. The Future of Christianity and the Emerging Church, Psychology of Religion: Psychoanalytic, Humanistic and Descriptive Individualism, The ‘R’ word: Religious revitalisation, revival and resurgence. Nascent – budding, promising, embryonic, emerging, blossoming, growing, 1. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Additionally, the broad definition of “faith” enables the application of the model to a wide range of religious and non-religious domains. The individual seeks to transform the world by changing adverse social conditions including violence, division and oppression stemming from a complete identification with the perspective of God’s love and justice. Among some of the most well-known developmental models are Piaget’s four-stage cognitive model, Erikson’s eight-stage psychosocial model and Kohlberg’s moral development model. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Religious Education, 99(4), 427-434. (1999). Faith development at 30: Naming the challenges of faith in a new millennium. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Fowler's model has inspired a considerable body of empirical research into faith development, although little of such research was ever conducted by Fowler himself. - Trust and safety. Fox, M. (1995). Eisenstein, S. R. A. form of logic, role-taking, formal moral judgement, social awareness, locus of authority, form of world coherence and symbolic functioning) and heavily reflect Piaget’s four-stage cognitive development model (Ford-Grabowsky, 1987). Although the model is widely used, there are serious criticisms over many of its aspects.