That innate knowledge is primarily solitary. Among them, the social constructivist theory supports the idea that the social factor affects, facilitates, and accelerates the socio-cognitive development of the individual. Vygotsky also believed that beginning at birth, children seek out adults for social interactions and that development occurs through these interactions. Social interaction plays a fundamental role in the process of cognitive development. +;�A)u���H���1�7��GcT9�H8�� It is safe to say that the individual has started the process of looking for or “making meaning”. In my own experiences in the classroom I see how each child is an individual and how their development is a product of their environment. Cognitive development can be described as how an individual’s thought process develops, and how these thought processes impact how an individual comprehends and interacts in the world. Introduction (Lourenco, 2012). %%EOF ���� sX�s�N��1���K�A�4z��Ћ���@u � �rW�"��ƈ"WY"V�ȉ(H��"o��[?�T"��~8+>>܍�Ë�x:����z|3��������b��O��t�1�}}pP���'!���0���ښ}�mb��f����W�*��/�Գ�d.Bq���|;����`)�^ד���9h��ι����T��>����h�o�5q���w���춾�Ԝ|��|���Pk-��Zk�Wt�F׮8��է���ZhG�q}��h|u=�C�f��푒��M}u/4�����h���S�J�JBhѣJ����(ևT�Ŷ�99���l\߼�g��Rݧt�8��7�����H�����O���Ż�k�QaJl���� 7/��`Bg��tV����ppP*h��N0�� �B�X���%�5��ǐ�h��2�. Lower mental functions are defined as their natural way of learning or innate ways that one would respond to their environment. The psychology theorists of the past have shaped the classrooms, Theoretical Framework. This means that the child first observes the adults around him communicating amongst themselves and then later develops the ability himself to communicate. The study is also based on the premise of Lev Vygotsky (1978) social interaction theory which reflects on the socialization of children in the learning process and schooling. First, the child observes the interaction between other people and then the behavior develops inside the child. Vygotsky felt that language and play had a lot to do with children's, In Vygotsky’s theory, children have two basic kinds of functions or mental processes that Vygotsky entitled lower mental functions, and higher mental functions. This is because every child grows within a unique set of morals and values, and is influenced by different cultures. Most of his work was in developmental psychology and he emphasized that interpersonal connections and the social environment had a lot to development. He went on to study human development at Moscow University and Shanyavsky Open University, and later became a psychologist. Vygotsky’s theory is based on the premise that the community performs a major role in making meaning. In Vygotsky’s view, the potential for acquiring lower mental functions is biologically built in, but society and culture are critical, discusssed extensively. Hence, this aspect of the theory would be applied to the perceptions of the teachers on community based problems and the role of teachers and parents in building positive community spirit. It is ingrained in every individual, even as a child, to seek meaning in everything. 629 0 obj <>stream Vygotsky has developed a sociocultural approach to cognitive development. He was often referred to as the "psychology of superman". He believed that all cultural development in children is visible in two stages. Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is the concept that having assistance and guidance from others, children, Lev Vygotsky and Piaget’s Theory 0 The purpose of this paper is to offer insight into the answer of the latter by briefly comparing and contrasting Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget’s cognitive developmental theories. “operational interaction from Piazhe”, “learning through mediation from Vygotsky”, the Bruner theory, etc. (Jones, 2003). Vygotsky’s theory is based on the premise that the community performs a major role in making meaning. Brief Summary of the Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky Lev Vygotsky ► The language and cognitive development of every child is carried on in a unique way, says Vygotsky. The main theorist associated with interactionist theory is Lev Vygotsky.Interactionists focus on Vygotsky 's model of collaborative learning ( Shaffer,et al.,2002).