[26], Rio Tinto is primarily organised into four operational businesses, divided by product type:[6], These operating groups are supported by separate divisions providing exploration and function support. En août 2010, une nouvelle société, Alcan EP, est créée, regroupant l'activité produits usinés, c'est-à-dire les anciennes activités de Pechiney dans les produits usinés en aluminium pour l'aéronautique civile et militaire, l'automobile, la construction ferroviaire ou l'industrie. [19], From 1870 through 1925, the company was inwardly focused on fully exploiting the Rio Tinto Mine, with little attention paid to expansion or exploration activities outside of Spain. The Rio Tinto river has a unique red and orange colour derived from its chemical makeup that is extremely acidic and with very high levels of iron and heavy metals. This structure was implemented in order to avoid adverse tax consequences and regulatory burdens. Rio Tinto has been widely criticised by environmental groups and at least one national government for the environmental impacts of its mining activities. [158], Also in early November 2016, Former mining minister of Guinea, Mahmoud Thiam, claimed that the head of Rio Tinto's operation in Guinea offered him a bribe in 2010 in order to win back control of the Simandou mine, and that his offer was supported by senior members of the company. Le 4 février au matin, s’organise une nouvelle manifestation, à laquelle se joignent des habitants de la ville proche de Nerva et des zones limitrophes, et une délégation se présente à la mairie pour exposer leurs revendications. To assist staff the company provides numerous resources to assist in maintaining a healthful mind. [21], Major acquisitions following the Consolidated Zinc merger included U.S. Borax, a major producer of borax, bought in 1968,[20] Kennecott Utah Copper and BP Australia's coal assets which were bought from British Petroleum in 1989, and a 70.7% interest in the New South Wales operations of Coal & Allied Industries, also in 1989. [15] Around 3000 BC, Iberians and Tartessians began mining the site, followed by the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, and Moors. Ces efforts de diversification ont permis à l'entreprise de se départir du gisement de Rio Tinto en Espagne, alors que - dans les années 1950 - le gouvernement nationaliste de Franco rendait de plus en plus difficile l'exploitation de ressources naturelles « espagnoles » au seul bénéfice de sociétés étrangères[8]. Rio Tinto has, in turn, sponsored its own WorldAware award, the Rio Tinto Award for Long-term Commitment. [159], Rio Tinto is currently facing at least 4 class action suits in the US demanding damages over the corruption allegations in Guinea. Geddes and the new management team he installed focused on diversification of the company's investment strategy and the introduction of organizational and marketing reforms. [16]:188, Following their purchase of the Rio Tinto Mine, the new ownership constructed a number of new processing facilities, innovated new mining techniques, and expanded mining activities. Rio Tinto Alcan conserve le solde du capital, soit 39 %[19]. Rio Tinto Group is an Anglo-Australian multinational and the world's second largest metals and mining corporation, behind BHP, producing iron ore, copper, diamonds, gold and uranium. [152] He was suspended after the investigators discovered suspicious emails discussing contractual payments from that year. The company is the third-largest producer of uranium in the world. [20] The sale of the mines financed extensive exploration activities over the following decade. [16], The company's failure to diversify during this period led to the slow decline of the company among the ranks of international mining firms. [126], Rio Tinto disputes the claims of environmental damage at the Grasberg mine, and states that the company has long maintained an excellent record on environmental issues. Il détient des actifs bruts d'une valeur de 81 milliards de dollars, à travers un réseau complexe d'entreprises et filiales[5]. The bid also specified that Spain would permanently relinquish any right to claim royalties on the mine's production. [36], Under the terms of the agreement, the joint venture maintains Rio Tinto's 95% interest in the Simandou project as follows: By providing US$1.35 billion on an earn-in basis through sole funding of ongoing development over a 2-3 year period, Chalco, a subsidiary of Chinalco, would acquire a 47% interest in the joint venture. De plus, elle a annoncé la mise à pied de 14 000 employés pendant l'année 2009[15]. [26], On 5 July 2009, four Rio Tinto employees were arrested in Shanghai for corruption and espionage. In 1995, the companies merged into a dual listed company, in which management was consolidated into a single entity and shareholder interests were aligned and equivalent, although maintained as shares in separately named entities. Rio Tinto Fer et Titane (aussi connu sous le nom de QIT- Fer et Titane). [26], On 8 November 2007, rival mining company BHP Billiton announced it was seeking to purchase Rio Tinto Group in an all-share deal. [149] On 29 March 2010 four Rio Tinto employees including Australian citizen Stern Hu were found guilty of these charges and of accepting millions of dollars in bribes. [85] ILWU filed several unfair labour practices against the company, including an illegal lock-out claim. [13], Rio Tinto was responsible for 0.75% of global industrial greenhouse gas emissions from 1988 to 2015. D'autres scandales environnementaux sont plus récents, avec, en particulier, les pollutions sur l’île de Bougainville dans les années 1980, puis la destruction en mai 2020 en Australie de grottes aborigènes préhistoriques parmi les plus anciennes de ce continent. C’est ainsi que le 30 janvier de cette année 1888, une manifestation emmenée par un anarco-syndicaliste cubain Maximiliano Tornet, se présente à la mairie de la localité pour remettre une série de revendications, parmi lesquelles la cessation des calcinations en plein air[9]. Le groupe s’est déconnecté du terrain, en concentrant l’essentiel du pouvoir décisionnaire à Londres, où se situe son siège mondial »[13]. The company was founded in 1873, when a multinational consortium of investors purchased a mine complex on the Rio Tinto, in Huelva, Spain, from the Spanish government. Ces manifestations de février 1888 peuvent être considérés comme faisant parties des premières manifestations écologiques, dans l'économie capitaliste en cours d'internationalisation. [46], The company has operations on six continents, but is mainly concentrated in Australia and Canada, and owns its mining operations through a complex web of wholly and partly owned subsidiaries. [96] In the Pilbara region of Western Australia it is reported that the state is experiencing high levels of suicide and people dealing with mental health issues. However, this changed in 1925, when Sir Auckland Geddes succeeded Lord Alfred Milner as chairman. [87], Rio Tinto is a global leader in the development of autonomous technologies for use in the mining sector. En 2013, Rio Tinto s'est équipé d'un train fourni par la société Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. et fabriqué par un fabricant de trains de Chine populaire, doté de la plus grande capacité de charge au monde : il peut transporter environ 155 tonnes par wagon ; la charge maximum par essieu de chaque wagon est de 44 tonnes, et le train dispose d'une capacité de charge totale de 30 000 à 50 000 tonnes[34]. The case was, however, solved and no connection to Rio Tinto was established, though popular opinion still perceives them as the possible culprit. The board of directors has both executive and non-executive members,[59] while the executive committee is composed of the heads of major operational groups. En 2016, la société minière vend sa filiale Carbone Savoie, spécialisée dans la fabrication de carbone et de graphite synthétique, au fonds de retournement français, Alandia Industries. [119], On 11 September 2020, it was announced that, as a result of the destruction at Juukan Gorge, CEO Jean-Sébastien Jacques and two other Rio Tinto executives would step down. Bien que le Gouvernement central et la Compagnie taisent en partie l’événement, l’on estime à plus de deux cents le nombre de morts. L'entreprise espagnole fut la première à s'implanter en 1885 sur le site aride des contreforts du massif de la Nerthe, dans le quartier de l'Estaque à Marseille. [129] In 2016, Rio Tinto estimated to have produced 32 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in its own climate change report. [78] Together, Rio Tinto's share of copper production at its mines totalled nearly 700,000 tonnes, making the company the fourth-largest copper producer in the world. [118] Although no executives were fired, on 24 August the company announced that three senior executives would lose a combined £3.8 million ($5 million) from their expected bonus payments. Des journalistes spécialisés spéculent que le gouvernement chinois exerce des représailles à l'encontre de Rio Tinto pour l'inciter à accepter une prise de contrôle par Chinalco[17] via des plaintes antitrust, des piratages informatiques, de l'espionnage industriel et des arrestations d'employés de Rio Tinto pour espionnage[18].