An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary). Our intention was to visit the shrine of Khwaja Pir. I bought a patch to stop smoking. 3. We went to Ajmer last week. 1. The LearnEnglish Team Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go. 2. Your email address will not be published. Use the example we looked at earlier to help you. When an infinitive is used as the subject or direct object in a sentence, it functions as a noun. It describes the book; Joel isn’t looking for just any book, he’s looking for a book, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to go.”. 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He did not have even a penny with him. Usually, no other word should come between “to” and the base verb that follows it. When an infinitive is used as the subject or direct object in a sentence, it functions as a noun. We have become anxious to hear the results. “ Please let me go to Martin’s house!” Said Muriel three times. If you do that you will be able to save your life. Almost always, infinitives begin with “to.” But infinitives lose the “to” when they follow these verbs: These verbs are followed by a direct object, then by an infinitive without the “to.”. The Superbowl is the game to watch. In other words, a form like 'in order to be on time' is more common than 'in order not to be late'. They suggested . “To eat” is the direct object of “need” because it receives the action. 4. So infinitives function as adjectives when they modify or describe nouns in a sentence. -> If………………………………………… ………………………………………….. ………………. When this does happen, you get a split infinitive. Sometimes adverbs also answer the question, “Why?”. The students were excited to go on a field trip. What’s the purpose of “to buy” in this example? He leads other team members. … It is pleasant to listen to the rain on the roof. This sentence uses the verb “made,” followed by the direct object “brother.”, When the verb “made” is followed by an infinitive, the infinitive loses the “to.”, It would be incorrect to write, “Mom made my brother to clean,” or, “Mom made to clean.”, For this reason, the direct object is followed by the infinitive “clean” without the “to.”, In this sentence, the verb is “wants” and the subject is the noun “book.”. Example 1: I … When in doubt, simply avoid splitting the infinitive. We also see the infinitive “to read.” What is the purpose of “to read” in this sentence? Exercise 1: Rewrite the following sentences that keep the same meaning. 5. The infinitive “to eat.”. (Notice the infinitive of purpose in that last sentence!) Rewrite the following sentences with Infinitive or Gerund 1. In this case, the infinitive “to help” is the sentence’s subject. They provide additional information about what, where, how, and to what extent or degree. We are going to sleep now. Infinitives function as adverbs when they are used to give more information about adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs in the sentence. 4. The infinitive “to go” gives us more information about the adjective “excited”; it tells us, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to buy.”. Mary requested to see you. The team has a captain. She is reading carefully to understand fully. 1. This is not a rule, but simply a question of frequency of use. Rewrite the following sentences using infinitives of purpose. Who or what do I need? “ Let’s all go to Lisbon!” they said. 2 I imagine that he works very hard… I needed a sound sleep to calm my mind. Let’s look at some examples. It is dangerous to drive on this slippery road. My mother advised . The meaning of the original sentence/sentences and your sentence must be exactly the same. Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why. The infinitive “to sleep.”. The sentence’s subject performs the verb, while the sentence’s direct object receives the verb. You must give me the keys of the safe. Combine the following pairs of sentences using infinitives. Remember that a noun is a person, place, or thing. Although infinitives are formed using verbs, they don’t function as verbs in a sentence.