America’s top income bracket is more likely than other groups to be Jewish, while the lowest bracket is more likely to be Jehovah’s Witnesses. Jesus’ arrival in the world exploded the social hierarchy of the day. Religion is not just part of the system of oppression, it can be independent of it if utilised by the working class against the ruling class. The social class system of Ancient Athens was very similar to structures in other cultures. Most of the contributors to this issue bring a particular focus on the confluence of social class and religion. Religious Affiliation by Median Household Income (2000): Household income, an indicator of social class, can also indicate what religious denomination a person is likely to embrace. Gloria Albrecht analyzes the class separations between Christians with a hard look at the realities reflected in demographics. Although rightfully a king, Jesus bypassed Herod’s palace and chose to be born into a working-class family. Religious stratification is the division of a society into hierarchical layers on the basis of religious beliefs, affiliation, or faith practices.. This article outlines two inter-related but distinct theoretical approaches to the study of Christianity and Social Class developed from the work of Pierre Bourdieu. ; The subjective method asks people what they think of themselves. This was a leisure class, free of economic burdens. David Breeden. ... And the gap is not just generational — it’s also about class. Historically those denominations with the mostaffluent members and the highest social status have been the mainline liberal churches, such as the Episcopalians, the Presbyterians, and the Congregationalists. He sent the first birth announcements to a group of shepherds, an even lower rung on the social ladder (Luke 1 — 2). Furthermore, individuals belonging to social classes that are lower in the social hierarchy are less likely to be self-employed. Attending religious services regularly can confer many things besides salvation. First, social-class stratification in religious affiliation, emphasizing both change and stability in the social-class hierarchy of religious traditions. Social class refers to a group of people with similar levels of wealth, influence, and status. ; The reputational method asks what people think of others. Here’s one example: Religion and Social Class. Religion and Social Inequality Social science research continues to identify significant patterns between social class and religious denominations. Upper class The most likely group to be religious and belong to traditional religions like churches because of their conservative ideology. Sociologists typically use three methods to determine social class: The objective method measures and analyzes “hard” facts. The role of both religion and social class in influencing the likelihood of choosing self-employment suggests an important link between religion, social class… Younger generations are closing the social class gap between evangelical Protestants and mainline denominations, a UNL sociologist of religion has found.. And in what appears to be an important shift in the U.S. religious landscape, a growing number of younger-generation working-class Americans are not affiliated with any particular religious denomination. I find that people who grew up in mainline traditions just don’t get how religion works in the working class. - Upper Class - Middle Class/Metics - Lower Class/Freedmen - Slaves To be in upper class in Athens, one must be a citizen, a man, and either have a high rank in the military or no job. Obery Hendricks, Jr. contrasts religion and political conservatism with Jesus and gospel values.