Chestnut (noun) a small horny patch on the inside of each of a … Large chestnuts are becoming a rarity in Europe as this deciduous Chestnut tree have been extensively farmed. is a medium-large deciduous tree that may reach 30-35m. Some may be surprised to learn that the Horse Chestnut is not really a chestnut. The chestnut tree is related to the beech and the oak tree. Now chestnuts are not as popular as they once were, but there are commercial farms to supply the demand. Although each European chestnut tree has male and female flowers, they produce better nuts when more than one tree is planted. You should collect leaf and twig samples from every tree you pollinate, label them carefully, and send them to TACF for positive identification. The sweet chestnut tree is affected by Blight. A substantial, long-lived deciduous tree, it produces an edible seed, the chestnut, which has been used in cooking since ancient times. You can also see color photos of each species in our section Identifying American Chestnut Trees. In the fall, the leaves turn canary yellow. When cultivated, the tree is long-living (up to 1000 years) and may also reach a significant girth (up to 12m at breast height). Chestnut Tree Identification. Chestnut (noun) the large European tree that produces the edible chestnut, with serrated leaves and heavy timber. How to Grow a European Chestnut. Tiny clustered flowers appear in male and female catkins in summer. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. water chestnut. The bark is brown-greyish and often has net-shaped venations with deep furrows or fissures. Chestnuts used to be the main starch staple in Europe until the potato was introduced. The farming method has changed the landscape of chestnut woodlands because of coppicing. Castanea sativa, the sweet chestnut, Spanish chestnut or just chestnut, is a species of tree in the family Fagaceae, native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor, and widely cultivated throughout the temperate world. Here is some detailed information on the chestnut tree. When edible chestnuts are boiled the nuts have a similar texture to potatoes, with a sweet nutty flavor. Chinese Chestnut Tree, need to plant two trees for pollination; Chinquapin Chestnut Tree, Castanea pumila dwarf chestnut tree; Horse Chestnut Tree, also known as conker tree; Japanese Chestnut Tree, native to Japan nuts have poor flavor; Chestnut Tree, Facts and Information on Chestnut Trees. The sweet chestnut tree (Castanea sativa Mill.) One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. They are actually a member of a completely different family, Hippocastanaceae, which contains horse chestnuts and buckeyes. The underside is a lighter shade of green. Chestnut (noun) used in names of trees and plants that are related to the sweet chestnut, or produce similar nuts or edible parts that resemble them, e.g. European chestnut trees have dark green leaves that are slightly furry. Not too dissimilar to Tomato blight causing death and dieback. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. Japanese chestnut leaves are often dark, shiny green on top and the sides of leaves are somewhat parallel. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. Common Disease That affects Chestnut Trees . Chestnut (noun) short for horse chestnut.