This can be quite broad Œ the problem tree will help break it down Œ or it can be more focused Œ in which case the output will also be more detailed. The problem tree highlights the relations and hierarchy among all identified problems. Appropriate consultation will help to consider priorities, assess how realistic the achievements of some objectives might be and identify additional means that might be required to achieve the desired ends. Furthermore, an objective tree might show many objectives that cannot all be reached at once, for which choices and priorities will have to be made (see also preference ranking). Problem tree analysis helps stakeholders to establish a realistic overview and awareness of the problem by ing the fundamental causes and their most identify important effects. Addressing technical and non-technical aspects of…, Lack of sanitation is a major risk factor, especially for people in developing countries. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 123 0 R/StructTreeRoot 22 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 127 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 128 0 obj <>stream This is often the first step in finding win-win solutions, It identifies the constituent issues and arguments, and can help establish who and what the political actors and processes are at each stage, It can help establish whether further information, evidence or resources are required to make a strong case, or build a convincing solution, Present issues - rather than apparent, future or past issues - are dealt with and identified, The process of analysis often helps build a shared sense of understanding, purpose and action (Adapted from ODI 2009), It may be difficult to understand all effects and causes of a problem right from the beginning, Requires time to bring all relevant actors together and to discuss the problems of their water and sanitation system. The roots represent the causes of the core problem while the branches represent its effects. See our data use policy for details. In practice a balance has to be found to deal with the different stakeholders interests, political demands and practical constraints. These positive achievements are in fact objectives, and are presented in an objective tree showing the means/ends hierarchy. Applying the problem tree method supports the identification of the main problems along with their causes and effects. The problem analysis is of prime importance with regard to project planning, since it strongly influences the design of all possible interventions (MDF 2005). Identification of problems faced by target groups and beneficiaries. 0 1. Perspectives are like filters: they compile and structure the information that relate to a given focus theme, region or context. SWEP is a network of organizations joining hands to help entrepreneurs design and develop lasting water and sanitation businesses. Source: CONRADIN (2007) h�b```��:~�ʰ !�&�U}�OLv1�.\������&�_8�4/�E���o�5�oR��P���x�㇜�烫 P���Z��v�U�m�c`�Ҍ@$` �H� Which interventions are more likely to bring about the desired results? 140 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<0846F158984F7240A91DCFFBFDE705C1>]/Index[125 28]/Info 124 0 R/Length 78/Prev 44588/Root 126 0 R/Size 153/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Examples: Problem Tree exploring the use of wooden fuel for cooking in India. There are three stages in this analytic process: (1) the identification of the negative aspects of an existing situation with their “causes and effects” in a problem tree, (2) the inversion of the problems into objectives leading into an objective tree, and (3) the decision of the scope of the project in an analysis of strategies. ... For example, a decision tree … This document explains what a problem analysis tree is, in which situations you can use it and how to conduct this kind of analysis. A properly planned project is addressing the real needs of the beneficiaries and is therefore based upon a correct and complete analysis of the existing situation. Fishbone Diagram A fishbone diagram is a way to visualize a problem with multiple root causes and to categorize root causes. The idea is to identify the core problem, and see what things are at the root cause of this central problem, and what other problems are a consequence of the core problem. This allows you to quickly navigate to the content of your particular interest while promoting the holistic understanding of sustainable sanitation and water management. The first step of such workshops should be an open brainstorming about the problems that stakeholders consider to be a priority. Once completed, the objective tree provides a summary picture of the desired future situation, including the indicate means by which ends can be achieved. CHAST is based on the well-…, The Problem Tree. Example of a problem tree on sanitation, as drawn by the Khatgal Community in Northern Mongolia. It pushes you to deconstruct all possible causes for the problem rather than the obvious ones. Overseas Development Institute, The framework proposed by the International Water Association (IWA) task force for the analysis and selection of appropriate sanitation systems is…, The tutorial for sustainable sanitation planning is a ready source of information for decision makers and individuals involved in setting up…, The objective of the Open Planning of Sanitation Systems (OPSS) approach is to provide a practical guideline for the planning and implementation of…, The guidelines and toolbox presented in the GTZ ecosan source book aim to address the needs and interests of initiators, planners, practitioners and…, Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is an approach which helps rural communities to understand and realise the negative effects of poor sanitation…, City Sanitation Plans are strategic planning processes for citywide sanita-tion sector development.