Japanese swords have been popular with the advent of media and popular television. Chinese swords are categorized into Jian (dual-edged) and Dao (single-edged). The Celtic sword was a double-edged sword with a lenticular cross-section. This caused the samurai class to vanish. It was of three main types: Mainz, Fulham, and Pompeii. It was rendered obsolete by the Zweihander, which was used by the Germans in the 16th century. By the 19th century, swords were used for ceremonial purposes mostly. The Bronze Age is the time when civilizations were formed and writing was invented. These lightweight blades make it easy for thrusting attacks. Via the Mameluke sword this also gave rise to the European cavalry sabre. Swords have been used to spread the word of God as well as uphold it. The shamshir is a curved saber, which only tapers at the tip. Now, as swords have been replaced by guns, it is becoming a lost art. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. A male wielder is called a sabreur, while a female is known as a sabreuse. It’s characterized by a complex basket hilt aimed to protect the wielder’s hand. Shinai is used in Kendo, which is a Japanese form of fencing. It was used by skirmishers in conjunction with a shield. The sword was used in conjunction with armor mostly during the ‘Hundred Years War’. Steel of this quality were made in crucibles, a container that could withstand intense temperatures. These were set in regular hilts as well as pommels of different designs, usually plated with gold or silver. The word ‘rapier’ was derived from the Spanish espada ropera or dress sword. The electric ones are used for keeping score in fencing matches. Their swords are characterized with a single fuller in the middle. A tassel is always attached to the pommel, which makes a noise when hit by the opponent. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. It was used in defense along with daggers and cloaks. It was similar to the German rapier, except that it had a double edge. Fencing originated in Spain, where it was prominent in the Basque region. Shamshir also means ‘sword’ in the native Persian language. During the Meiji Period, swords were banned to be worn in public. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. It was wielded by mostly foot soldiers. Their swords were more lean and sharp, unlike the Medieval swords which were heavy and meant for hacking. The Normans invented the cross guard, which improved their defense. It was the most commonly used dueling sword in the 19th century, replacing the rapier. Battles were fought until first blood, i.e., a sufficient nick was enough to end the game. They were usually worn in a sheath. The Chinese were the first to create swords from high carbon content instead of stainless steel. It was mostly associated with the Feudal Period, where samurai could wear their swords in public. A spadroon had a central fuller with a single edge. It has been used in movies like The. If a wakizashi’s length is similar to a katana, it is called o-wakizashi, and if the length is similar to a tanto, it is called ko-wakizashi. What made these swords so enchanting was that people spent a lifetime perfecting them and making them a part of their daily lives. The bokken is a Japanese wooden sword used in place of a katana. Though most broadswords had a basket hilt, it was eventually replaced by an even hilt, and used as a two-handed sword. Later, they only seemed to be used for ceremonial purposes. The foil is used as a thrusting weapon for training purposes. The US adopted this pattern to create Federal Period eagleheads. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.