Likewise, saving the group of five results in the greatest good for the greatest number of people. It's definitely not easy, but it's something so many kids are struggling with right now. This serves as not only the reason for our decisions, but the platform in which we view the world that surrounds us. He believes what motivates human beings to act is the pursuit of pleasure, or the avoidance of pain. The Principle of Utility states that actions or behaviors are right in so far as they promote happiness or pleasure, wrong as they tend to produce unhappiness or pain. The categorical imperative states, act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law. Home — Essay Samples — Philosophy — Mill’S Utilitarianism Theory And Kant’S Theory Of Deontology. Mill’s principle of utilitarianism is defined as maximizing the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. From a utilitarianism’s point of view, a parent will look at the actions and then determine right from wrong based on what results in the greatest good for the greatest number of people. How one was raised plays a big role in what is morally right versus what is wrong. He contends that morality is one’s duty and utmost responsibility, regardless of how one is feeling at the time. Well then, why not send them some Open When Letters? For me though, November is the perfect time to compile a playlist of songs that bring on major nostalgia which I think is perfect for this time of year. Immanuel Kant was a philosopher who tried to wrap his head around the fact how human beings can be good and kind outside of traditional religions. Oh so this was the room where I snuck cookies upstairs past my bedtime and stole R-Rated movies to watch when my parents were asleep and now I'm expected to earn my degree in this very same room? Kantians believe “human life is valuable because humans are the bearers of rational life” (O’Neill 414). The primary difference between Mill’s Utilitarianism and Kant’s Deontology is the answer to the question: Do the ends (always or sometimes) morally justify the means? Mill’s principle of utilitarianism is defined as maximizing the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. As a first-year college student, I've been doing a lot of meeting and introducing myself to people, often with the classic format of "name, hometown, major". While other elements of Mill’s philosophy may have faded away, utilitarianism is still touched as one of the three major ethical positions with Kant’s Deontology. This time, the path to drive is narrow and rocky. This, according to Kant, is considered moral. In the first rescue story, some people must drive quickly to save the lives of five other people (who are nearly threated by an ocean tide). I believe the lives of all are valuable but generally speaking, the loss of one life sounds better than the loss of five lives. It was in this context, Kant came up with the idea of the categorical imperative. It is simple, affordable, and delicious. It is a way of looking at morality. Clare Regelbrugge, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Sign in to comment to your favorite stories, participate in your community and interact with your friends. I do not like a dry mac and cheese, it just does not seem appealing to me. If you need this sample, insert an email and we'll deliver it to you. Kant argued that by objectifying another person, or possibly even yourself, you are undermining the human potential of rationality and will.John Mill’s system of ethics, was very much different than that of Kant’s. Ich schätze, Kant greift da bei Bentham und Mill ein, wo der Anspruch ‚das Glück für die Mehrheit von uns‘ zu erreichen gilt. However, he would tell the rescuer in Rescue II to help the individual needing assistance in the path. According to Kant, we should look at our maxims, or intentions, of the particular action. In regards to Mill, there are situations where sometimes quantity overrules. This Is The Recipe You Need For Creamy Baked Mac N' Cheese — The Ultimate Side Dish For Thanksgiving, I Didn't Enjoy High School, And That's Part Of The Reason That I Want To Become A High School Teacher, This Simple 7-Step DIY Face Mask Combines Safety — And Sustainability, 6 Ways To Handle The Stress Of Earning Your Degree From Your Childhood Bedroom, 25 Songs To Add To Your November Playlist To Get You In The Mood To Be Thankful, Taylor Swift May Have Just Confirmed That She Is Re-Recording 'Red,' And I Am Living For It, Check-In With Your Mental Health Before The Holidays By Doing These 11 Things, The State University of New York at Stony Brook, 25 'Open When' Topics And Ideas For That Special Someone In Your Life. In regards to Kant, the reason why we find ourselves doing the right thing is because it is the right thing to do. Along the path is an injured man. This essay has been submitted by a student. law (Kant 401). It sounds like the first scenario would be morally acceptable since no one would be held responsible for the man’s death. This is also called consequentialism. 1325 Words 6 Pages. He was a pessimist about human character and believed individuals by nature intensely prone to corruption. This is also a great alternative to just throwing away any clothes! By sacrificing one life, Kant can save five lives. He would also tell the rescuers in Rescue II to driver over the single guy and save the group of five from drowning. So verstehe ich moralisches Denken und Handeln als ein bewusst eingesetztes soziales Werkzeug, das uns allen Vorteile bietet. This is also called consequentialism. Kristen Haddox, Penn State University4. We use cookies to offer you the best experience. In other words, an action in and of itself has no intrinsic value (neither right nor wrong). Kant suggests one should not treat someone as a “mere means” because then it eliminates one’s ability to make rational decisions. You cannot copy content from our website. While joyful, the holiday season can also be stressful for many and that's A-O.K. I believe the lives of all are valuable but generally speaking, the loss of one life sounds better than the loss of five lives. This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator. It is funny how one can go back and forth between agreeing with one and the other. (i.e. And, well, let's be honest, is hard to shop for? However, in Utilitarianism, Mill supports the claim that what makes actions good is the outcome, not the action’s initial moral worth, “the motive has nothing to do with the morality of the action, though much with the worth of the agent” (Mill 18). If you're looking for something to get you in that thankful spirit before you head into the Christmas spirit or something to play while you enjoy Friendsgiving, here are some go-to songs to add to your November playlist. The concept of Mill’s “utilitarianism” is focused primarily around who will benefit the most from a given action, contrary to Kant’s categorical imperative. Choose your writer among 300 professionals! Kant believes it would not be morally acceptable if he himself took the life of the individual by driving over him.