She was also a prolific writer and designer of educational books for younger readers. After her retirement in 1971, she gave the working material of the Isotype Institute to the University of Reading, where it is housed in the Department of Typography & Graphic Communication as the Otto and Marie Neurath Isotype Collection. This short book explains its essential principles: the work of ‘transforming’, or putting information into visual form. This was the start of her long activity as the main "transformer" (in English, one would now say designer) working with Otto Neurath in the teams that made graphic displays of social information, an early form of information design. In 1924, just before graduation, she met Otto Neurath (1882–1945) in Vienna and (in March 1925) went to work there as his assistant in what had been a small museum of information about housing. This is supplemented by Robin Kinross with commentary on illustrated examples of Isotype and other supporting short essays. Her brother was mathematician Kurt Reidemeister.  Her brother was mathematician Kurt Reidemeister. In 1935 they began to use the name Isotype in the signature for their work. Marie Reidemeister was born in Braunschweig, Germany on 27 May 1898. Marie Neurath (née Reidemeister; 1898–1986) was born in Braunschweig (Germany) and studied at the University of Göttingen. Marie Neurath (1898–1986) was a ground-breaking graphic designer. Marie Neurath and Robert S. Cohen), This page was last edited on 21 March 2020, at 19:23. At the core of the book is a previously unpublished essay by Marie Neurath, the principle Isotype transformer, which she wrote in the last year of her life. In 1941, after release from internment (as "enemy aliens"), Marie and Otto Neurath were married, and resumed their work in Oxford, founding the Isotype Institute. Her work as a transformer started in Vienna in the 1920s when she began collaborating with Otto Neurath. Bringing together the latest research, this book is the first comprehensive, detailed account of its subject. This was the start of her long activity as the main ‘transformer’ (in English, we would now say designer) working with Neurath in the teams that made graphic displays of social information. Conceived and developed in the 1920s as ‘the Vienna method of pictorial statistics’, this approach to designing information had from its inception the power to grow and spread internationally. , The other essential member of the Neurath group, the German artist Gerd Arntz, joined in 1928.  It was intended as a method of pictorial statistics that could clarify scientific relationships for non specialists. Marie Reidemeister worked at this museum in Vienna until the brief civil war in Austria in 1934, moving then with Neurath (a prominent Social Democrat) and Arntz (who had allegiances to radical-left groups) to The Hague. Reidemeister studied mathematics and physics from 1917 to 1924 in Göttingen, Germany, while also taking courses at the "Kunstschule" in 1919. Between these main chapters the book presents interludes documenting Isotype production visually. At the start of 1925 this became the Gesellschafts- und Wirtshaftsmuseum in Wien (‘Social and Economic Museum of Vienna’). The data was illustrated and interconnections were to be presented, the result was a promoted democratisation of knowledge. The work in graphic communication carried out by Otto Neurath and his associates – now commonly known simply as Isotype – has been the subject of much interest in recent years.  After Otto Neurath’s death in 1945, Marie Neurath carried on the work with a small number of English assistants, moving to London in 1948. In its international coverage and its extensions into the wider terrain of history, this book opens a new vista in graphic design. Neurath was a member of the team that developed a simplified pictographic language, the Vienna Method of Pictorial Statistics (Wiener Methode der Bildstatistik), which she later renamed Isotype. The visual work of Otto Neurath and his associates, now commonly known as Isotype, has been much discussed in recent years. Just before graduating she met Otto Neurath and soon moved to Vienna. The other essential member of the Neurath group, the German artist Gerd Arntz (1901–88), joined in 1928. Marie Neurath, born Marie Reidemeister (27 May 1898 – 10 October 1986), was a German designer, social scientist and author. After her retirement in 1971, she gave much energy to establishing a record of Otto Neurath’s life and work, and editing and translating his writings. The transformer: principles of making Isotype charts, Department of Typography, University of Reading. Otto Neurath (ed. She died in London in 1986. In 1941, after release from internment (as ‘enemy aliens’), Marie and Otto Neurath were married, and resumed their work in Oxford, founding the Isotype Institute. She analysed complex information and transformed it into concise explanations that combined words and pictures. Reidemeister studied mathematics and physics from 1917 to 1924 in Göttingen, Germany, while also taking courses at the "Kunstschule" in 1919. Neurath collected the information, Arntz developed the pictograms and graphics and Reidemeister converted the information and data into a visual understandable presentation. A new name was needed for the Vienna Method now that its original context was left behind: Marie Neurath developed the acronym Isotype (International System of Typographic Picture Education) in 1935 on the analogy of Charles Kay Ogden’s “Basic English”. In 1940, as the German army invaded the Netherlands, Neurath and Reidemeister escaped to England, while Arntz stayed behind in The Hague.  Just before graduating she met Otto Neurath and soon moved to Vienna. There are chapters on the notable extensions of Isotype to Soviet Russia, the USA, and Africa. After Otto Neurath’s death in 1945, Marie Neurath carried on the work with a small number of English assistants, moving to London in 1948. Marie Neurath (née Reidemeister; 1898–1986) was born in Braunschweig (Germany) and studied at the University of Göttingen. In 1925 she began work at the Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftsmuseum in Wien (Social and Economic Museum of Vienna). Large data volumes were translated in a comprehensible and memorable visual form. Three appendices reprint key documents. She linked technical experts and graphic designers as well as the target audience. Political developments in Europe played their part in its development, and production moved to the Netherlands (1934) and to England (1940), where the Isotype Institute continued to produce work until 1971. Isotype work in film and in designing for children is fully documented and discussed. Marie Reidemeister was born in Braunschweig, Germany on 27 May 1898. In 1940, as the German army invaded the Netherlands, Reidemeister escaped with Neurath to England, while Arntz stayed behind in The Hague.