Clicking here and on the image below will open a PDF file of the Guitar Major Scale Chart … on Twitter It follows a set pattern of note intervals. Here are all the minor scales (natural, harmonic and melodic) for you to have a go at. Here is a composing task for you to have a go at to develop your ability to compose in minor keys. You can learn how to form other melodic and harmonic minor scales at our main piano music scales section. In order to build an A Harmonic Minor Scale we simply play the natural minor scale, but raise the 7th note. Now raise the 7th note by another semitone so the pattern becomes: The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. Let’s have a look at a couple of examples: Have a look at the sheet music for the A Melodic Minor Scale: For instance the relative minor for C major is A minor. The black dots are notes that fill in the rest of the scale and they don’t have any particular importance in my chart. Slide everything up or down a fret and you’ll hear just how bad it can be to play along in the wrong key. Pro Tip: The guitar scales chart for the minor pentatonic scale is outlined below in two octaves like all of the ones above. A Major Scale. When coming down the scale you use the natural minor. Please check your email inbox for a confirmation email to access the FREE resources.. we respect your privacy and will never share your email address with 3rd parties. C major scale: C, D, E, F, G, A, B. It overlaps with the other two, so you just tack it towards the end of shape number 1 and presto: you have extended your A major scale by 4 frets. However, it’s still pretty easy to work out if you can remember which notes to raise. Every major key has its relative minor key. The guitar major scale is happy upbeat and useful in a variety of styles of music. on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. Printable Guitar Major Scale Chart. To play this, you slide the scale around until one of the big “M” dots land on a A note. on Facebook The black dots are notes that fill in the rest of the scale and they don’t have any particular importance in my chart. Here you see an overview of some of the most common scales: Major scales with relative minor Pentatonic scales major and minor Much like the major pentatonic scale, the sound of the minor pentatonic scale makes it appealing for many guitarists who want to write hard-hitting and straightforward guitar licks. The melodic minor descending scale is the same as the natural minor scale. A minor scale: A, B, C, D, E, F, G. G major scale: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#. If you good off in those scales while listening to these songs, it will sound more or less fine. Have a listen to the scale played below – can you hear the intensity of the raised 7th note? Let’s have a listen to how it sounds: Here is the sheet music for the D Melodic Minor Scale: Or rather, add another shape to this one. This will mean that you can easily check whether you are playing the scales correctly. Let’s say that you want to play the A major scale using the left shape. You have just played an ascending A Natural Minor Scale. I have added piano fingering marks for the right hand to the sheet music to help you. Come back down again and you have just played the descending A Natural Minor Scale. On the way up you need to raise each of the 6th and the 7th notes by a semitone (half tone). Relative Minor: F Minor. In order to play in a different key, just slide your shape around on the fretboard until one of the big M’s lands on the major key you want, or one of the little m’s for the minor key you want. Hopefully this lesson has helped you understand the 3 different minor scales. Piano scales chart. The relative minor for a major key falls on the 6th tone of the major scale. The set pattern of intervalsfor the notes of the natural minor scale is: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. Look at a keyboard and play a scale (of all the white notes) starting on A and going up until you reach the A above it (I have highlighted these notes in red on the keyboard above). Coincidentally, this is where you’re going to play this shape on the fretboard. I hope you enjoy playing them! (All of the below applies to the Major/minor scale, but can easily be applied to the Pentatonic and Blues without issues.). Simply work out the natural minor using the set minor scale intervals outlined above (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone). This is caused by the raised seventh note of the scale. Thank you for subscribing. The red dots with the big M represents the starting point for playing in the Major scale (if an M dot lands on a G note, you’re playing G major). In fact, this note is often called the blue note. The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. Natural Minor Scales Chart: There are three types of minor scales. It’s easy to work out any harmonic minor scale. Ideally, you should try playing the minor scales on a piano or keyboard to get used to the sound and feel of them. The audio examples play all 3 minor scales in turn – the natural is 1st, then the harmonic and finally the melodic. This set pattern of note intervals beginning on D leads us to a scale with all white notes except for a B Flat instead of a B natural: Share this post: Can you see how the scale is different going up and down the notes? The red dots with the big M represents the starting point for playing in the Major scale (if an M dot lands on a G note, you’re playing G major). However, there are in fact 3 minor scales which you will come across and can use: Each scale sounds similarly “minor-like”, but they each also have their own unique flavour. How to Use the Chart. That’s where you use the middle shape in my chart. Have a look/listen to the A Natural Minor being played on the piano: You will also notice that the pattern of steps follows the set pattern of Natural minor scale intervals given above (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone). The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. 1. This will require you to know some notes on the fretboard, otherwise you’ll never know what key you’re playing in. Let’s try a different example of a natural minor scale starting on a different note: By following our set pattern of note intervals for a natural minor scale (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone) we can easily work out the natural D minor scale. The dot that has “3b” inside of it is the note that gives the Blues scale a bluesy sound. The minor scale is the scale which sounds negative – it is used by composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods. Copyright TrueFire, Inc. All rights reserved. Beyond the Pentatonic Scale: #2 Example Lick, What’s Burning This Week at TrueFire: Episode 4, 10 Items All Guitarists Need on the Road (2020), The Kinks – History of Rock – Episode 18 – Guitar Lesson – Andy Aledort, The Rolling Stones: Part 1 – History of Rock – Episode 17 – Guitar Lesson – Andy Aledort, The Beatles: Part 1 – History of Rock – Episode 16 – Guitar Lesson – Andy Aledort. Credit to Reddit users brandon7s and CaptainMoonchild. Read More. If we start on a D and play a harmonic minor scale then we raise the C natural (7th note of the scale) to become a C sharp: This is the trickiest of the minor scales as the pattern for going up the scale is different from that coming down the scale! You can see from the sheet music below how the 7th note of the scale (G) has been raised a semitone (half tone) to become G sharp: Subscribe to our mailing list and get FREE music resources to your email inbox. Minor Scales Cheat Sheet • Harmonic minor – raise the 7 th scale degree • Melodic minor – raise the 6 th and 7 th scale degree (ascending), revert to Notes: A • B • C • D • E • F • G. Diatonic Triads: A • Bm • C#m • D • E • F#m • G#dim. But what is the relative minor scale? In the left shape, the big M is on the G string, 2nd fret. E minor scale: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D. So, your melodic minor pattern will be: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Semitone. Once again, you can see how the ascending and descending scales are different. “Fake Plastic Trees” by Radiohead is in A, so is “Help”, by The Beatles. Let’s ha… If you wanted to you could only learn this shape and noodle around in this position forever but if you want to play A Major further up the neck then you’re going to have to play a different shape. To go even further, repeat with shape 3. It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. It follows a set pattern of note intervals. The small m represents the starting point for playing the minor scale (if a small m lands on E, you’re playing E minor). Here’s a picture of the notes on the fretboard that I pulled up after a few seconds on google. So, in order to play a D Natural Minor Scale we play all the white notes starting on D except for B (which we replace with a B Flat): Have a look/listen to the D Natural Minor Scale: The harmonic minor scale has a slightly more intense feel to it than the natural minor scale. Let’s have a look at two examples of natural minor scales: The key signature of A minor tells us that there are no sharps or flats (in other words, you play all the white notes on a keyboard and none of the black notes).