Latin Infinitive Basics . 2 SECTION 1 Subject Nominative. A common (but not necessary, not always) pattern in Latin is {Subject}, {DO}, {Verb}. Puto eum sapientem esse = I think that he is wise. 50 Most Important Latin Verbs Which support Latin in any time period – Final Draft A Latin Best Practices Production ©2014 Robert Patrick 1. Elucidated below is a list of Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes that are very often put to use; words that we often use in our day-to-day conversations but probably aren’t aware of how they all originated and what do they mean. Shows the main Latin verb conjugations with endings color-coded for easy memorization. Yesterday I was reading under the tree. Latin Conjugations. 3. The source is on GitHub. Latin verbs are divided into four groups, or conjugations. In English we depend on word order to convey meaning, but in Latin we use the cases, or the endings, to carry the meaning. Not every sentence in Latin will have a stated subject. This vocabulary list is required for the Latin–English sections of Latin GCSE (9–1), Component 01, Language. LATIN ROOTS. The following sections will help you in understanding the English language better. Crās ad Forum ambulābimus. The infinitive is most widely used in Latin in Indirect Speech (Oratio Obliqua), which combines an accusative subject with an infinitive in subordinate clauses after a verbs of saying, thinking, and perceiving. Examples: Herī sub arbore legēbam. Also includes a fill-in-the-blank worksheet. (In the Star Wars movies, Yoda used a Latin word order, with the verb at the end: “Tired I am”.) Tomorrow we will walk to the Forum. 1st Conjugation Chart (PDF) 2nd Conjugation Chart (PDF) 3rd Conjugation Chart (PDF) 3rd i-stem Conjugation Chart (PDF) 4th Conjugation Chart (PDF) Fill-in-the-Blank Conjugation Worksheet (PDF) About the chart. When you look up a Latin verb in a Latin-English dictionary, you will see four entries (principal parts) for most verbs.The second entry—usually abbreviated "-are," "-ere," or "-ire"—is the infinitive. More specifically, it's the present active infinitive, which is translated into English as "to" plus whatever the verb means. In each conjugation, the verbs share the same endings: An example of a first conjugation verb is: confirmo, confirmare, confirmavi, confirmatum (1) – to confirm. Unlike English, Latin rarely uses an infinitive to indicate purpose. Since the person and number of the subject can be determined from the ending on the verb, a personal pronoun is not al-ways necessary for the subject.