A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Which ion has the largest radius? {/eq} - Bromine (Br) is not a metal, therefore this compound is covalent. The key to classifying the compounds as ionic or covalent depends on whether or not a metallic element is present in the compound. Answer =  AsH3  ( Arsine )  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. If they are both non-metals (such as carbon and oxygen) they will form a covalent … Our tutors rated the difficulty of Classify each of these solids:KCl, C(diamond), Na, SCl2as io... as medium difficulty. Question =  Is AsH3 polar or  nonpolar  ? I'll tell you the ionic or Covalent bond list below. {/eq} is ionic. However, it is also said that ionic bonds have covalent character. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Otherwise, we say it is covalent. Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds. Question =  Is C2Cl4 polar or  nonpolar   ? {/eq} - Neither nitrogen (N) nor oxygen (O) are metals. Question: Is H2SO3 an ionic or  Molecular bond  ? (b) {eq}\rm Ca(NO_{3})_{2} e) \ Br_2 \\ {/eq} - Neither carbon (C) nor bromine (Br) are metals. If you need more Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids practice, you can also practice Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids practice problems. Answer =  C4H10 (  BUTANE )   is Polar What is polar and non-polar? Question =  Is SCN- polar or  nonpolar ? The compound is therefore covalent. ... Ionic: K3PO4: Ionic: kbr: Ionic: KCl: Ionic: KF: Ionic: KI: Ionic: Kl: Ionic: kmno4: Ionic: KNO3: Ionic: KOH: Ionic: Lead (II) Sulfate ( PbSO4 ) Ionic… If a compound contains a metal, then it is most likely ionic. But there is so much more to learn about ionic vs covalent, read on to find out more. {/eq} is ionic. However, if both atoms have near electron affinities, then a covalent bond will result as neither atom is willing to fully "give up" its electrons. f) \ NO_2 \\ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_bond. Answer =  CLO3-  (Chlorate)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? Question =  Is TeCl4 polar or  nonpolar   ? {/eq} - Potassium (K) is a metal and therefore {eq}\rm KCl Answer: potassium chloride (KCl) is ionic bond What is chemical bond, ionic bond, covalent bond? KCl is an ionic compound. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionic_bonding. (g) {eq}\rm NH_{3} (f) {eq}\rm NO_{2} These charged atoms are called ions, hence the term ionic bonding. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Covalent_bond. Answer =  CF2Cl2  (Dichlorodifluoromethane)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? (h) {eq}\rm NaNO_{2} Answer =  C2Cl4 (  Tetrachloroethylene )   is nonPolar What is polar and non-polar? b. Covalent Bonds. {/eq} ionic. (a) KCl ionic, nonpolar covalent, polar covalent (b) P4 ionic, nonpolar covalent, polar covalent (c) BF3 ionic, nonpolar covalent, polar covalent (d) SO2 ionic, nonpolar covalent, polar covalent (e) Br2 ionic, nonpolar covalent, polar covalent (f) NO2 ionic, nonpolar covalent, polar covalent AND Arrange the substances with polar covalent bonds in order of increasing bond polarity. g) \ NH_3 \\ Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Compare and contrast ionic and covalent bonds. The compound is therefore covalent. Answer =  ICl3  (Iodine trichloride)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? What is the definition of a compound? The compound is therefore covalent. The type of bond that forms between two atoms depends on how much the constituent atoms would like to "keep" their electrons - i.e. What is the difficulty of this problem? Metals tend to have low electron affinities, and, thus, as a rule of thumb, compounds containing metals usually involve ionic bonds, while compounds that do not contain metals usually have covalent bonds. In a covalent bond, the atoms are bound by shared electrons. (a) {eq}\rm KCl Classify these compounds as ionic or covalent: {eq}a) \ KCl \\ For each of the following compounds, state whether it is ionic or covalent. Question =  Is CF2Cl2 polar or  nonpolar ? Question =  Is CLO3- polar or  nonpolar  ? However, note that KCl is not a bond! This was first explained by Kazimierz Fajans in the year 1923. {/eq} - Aluminium (Al) is a metal and therefore {eq}\rm AlBr_{3} Answer =  TeCl4 (  Tellurium tetrachloride )   is Polar What is polar and non-polar? Answer =  ClF  (Chlorine monofluoride)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? There are two main classes of chemical bonds - ionic and covalent bonds. h) \ NaNO_2 Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds. All rights reserved. {/eq} - Calcium (Ca) is a material, making {eq}\rm Ca(NO_{3})_{2} Question =  Is ICl3 polar or  nonpolar  ? {/eq} - Neither nitrogen (N) nor hydrogen (H) are metals. d) \ AlBr_3 \\ Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex-Linked and Sex-Limited Traits, Scalars and Vectors: Definition and Difference, The Periodic Table: Properties of Groups and Periods, Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors, States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases & Plasma, Single Covalent Bond: Definition & Examples, Valence Electrons and Energy Levels of Atoms of Elements, Uniformly-Accelerated Motion and the Big Five Kinematics Equations, Halogens on the Periodic Table: Properties, Reactivity & Uses, Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures, Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds, What is a Metallic Bond? (d) {eq}\rm AlBr_{3} Polar &... Is potassium chloride an ionic or covalent bond ? In ionic bonding, one atom "donates" its electron to the other, thereby forming two charged atoms - one positive and one negative. Ionic is a type of chemical bond where atoms are bonded together by the attraction between opposite charges. To decide if a binary compound has ionic or covalent bonding, first locate the two elements concerned in the Periodic Table and decide if they are metals (shown in blue) or non-metals (shown in pink). b) \ Ca(NO_3)_2 \\ {/eq}. If a compound contains a metal, then it is most likely ionic. The key to classifying the compounds as ionic or covalent depends on whether or not a metallic element is present in the compound. electron affinity. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. If you want to quickly find the word you want to search, use Ctrl + F, then type the word you want to search. By now, you must have understood what ionic and covalent bonds are. Ionic vs Covalent Bonds: An ionic bond is one in which one ore more valance electrons from one atom are completely transferred to another atom, creating two charged atoms, or ions. If one atom has a high electron affinity and the other has a low electron affinity, an ionic bond will result as the "donor" atom would prefer to give its electrons away. c) \ CBr_4 \\ Question =  Is ClF polar or  nonpolar ? Fajans’ Rule: Covalent Character in Ionic Compounds. These electron pairs are known as shared pairs or bonding pairs, and the stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms, when they share electrons, is known as covalent bonding. Covalent is a type of chemical bond where atoms are bonded together by the sharing of electrons. Answer =  SCN-  (Thiocyanate) is   Polar What is polar and non-polar? Ionic: KCl, MgCl 2; Covalent: NCl 3, ICl, PCl 5, CCl 4 Using the periodic table, predict whether the following chlorides are ionic or covalent: SiCl 4 , PCl 3 , CaCl 2 , CsCl, CuCl 2 , and CrCl 3 . {/eq} - Sodium (Na) is a metal and therefore {eq}\rm NaNO_{2} In covalent bonding, atoms "share" electrons with each other, thereby forming a bond. {/eq} is ionic. 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