What Are the Signs of a Cow Getting Ready to Calve? A pig’s gestation period is easy to remember – 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days (approximately). Her clitoris will tilt against the extra weight. It's important for pig keepers to understand how to recognize a pregnant sow, from observing physical and behavioral changes to seeking veterinary confirmation. Once your sow becomes pregnant, she will have, Weight gain may be subtle in the first hundred days, but keep an eye for any signs that your pig is growing. you can purchase online. Oh, my heart… A pig’s gestation period is easy to remember – 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days (approximately). . She will also not be terribly interested in mating again. If you have a boar, she will reject his advances and generally stay far away from him. pig we have ever raised (which was part of why we decided to make her our first-ever Momma Pig). The easiest way to tell if your pig is pregnant? If you know the date of mating, you can plan on a farrowing date roughly 114 days later. Pigs can become pregnant at around 18 months of age or older – when we bred Boo, she was just around this age. While we did not use them for Boo, I did a lot of research on which ones would be best in case we needed to invest in one. Without a boar present, it was pretty difficult to determine whether or not she was interested in mating. Why do you need to know, you might ask? In fact, there are, Therefore, if you’re not sure your sow is pregnant and you want to give her the best care possible, have a veterinarian come to the farm and conduct some. Changes in clitoris, too, can be misleading, as cervical or rectal prolapse can cause changes in the organ. Your pig will undergo subtle changes during the early stages, but most signs of pregnancy won’t appear until very late in the pregnancy – at which point you may be late, as you need to be providing extra food and attention during the early stages of pregnancy, too. I generally keep the boar with my sows for over 6 weeks so that they have gone through two cycles. At this time, her udders will also swell. When she is ready to give birth, she’ll lie down and stop all other activities completely. Weight gain may be subtle in the first hundred days, but keep an eye for any signs that your pig is growing. It was incredibly interesting to see the natural processes at work. You may not notice a drastically heightened appetite during the early stages of your pig’s pregnancy, but as it draws to a close, she will become ravenous. She may look like she is losing weight, but she is likely just redistributing it. Since this is her first time, we don’t know what to expect. What is a ‘piggy sow’? Later on, I’ll upload a post about how the entire AI breeding process works. The period right before your piglets are born is known as, Now, none of these signs in themselves are indicators that your pig is definitely pregnant. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 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However, when she was in heat and in the few days leading up to it. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Restlessness in this time is incredibly common, as is a bit of blood, discharge, and expressions of discomfort. At this time, in the few days before birth, your sow will succumb to her natural instincts and begin gathering up straw or whatever you use for bedding. When a sow is pregnant, this organ will change. Generally, if your pig has not cycled again 17 to 21 days after being bred, there’s a good chance she is pregnant. This effect is the first thing we see when a pig becomes pregnant. A voracious appetite and a heavier-than-normal appearance are good signs that your pig is pregnant. Vitamin A is crucial, and can be given to her in the form of fruits and vegetables. Normally, there is a 10 to 100-fold increase of estrone sulfate between days 25 and 30 following breeding in pregnant compared with non-pregnant sows. Rodney Wilson is owner and manager of Goldfinch Farm in central Kentucky, where he oversees veterinary and management practices for a diverse group of animals, from dogs and cats to pigs and chickens. A pig may exhibit physical signs of pregnancy as early as a few weeks into gestation, corresponding with a cessation of estrus cycles -- she won't go into standing heat after 21 days. Gilts can first become pregnant between 6 and 8 months of age. Restlessness begins during this period -- the sow will become increasingly unwilling to lie down for long periods of time. This is an obvious sign of pregnancy but is unfortunately not usually apparent until around three months of gestation. She will use her mouth to gather dry materials and to create a nest as she prepares to give birth, so at this time it’s crucial you make her as comfortable as possible. Pigs are not difficult to care for by any means, but as with any pregnant animal, you need to take special care in feeding, housing, and handling. How to Tell by Looking If a Mare Is Pregnant. **. You should also know that pigs show very few physical signs of pregnancy in the early stages, and you need to be ultra-vigilant in order to determine whether your sow is pregnant. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. A pig’s gestation period is easy to remember –. I … This one can be tough to detect if you aren’t in the habit of regularly monitoring your pig’s vital signs. For the first 100 days, weight gain is the only other sign of pregnancy. Any tips on dealing with a pregnant sow? For now, I thought it would be beneficial for those of you breeding pigs for the first time to read more about how to tell if your pig is pregnant. Eventually, your sow’s heartbeat will change. While you should be upping your sow’s feed throughout the pregnancy, the last few weeks are vital. Know that just one of these by itself may not indicate pregnancy, but if you run through this checklist and find that more of them apply to your sow than not, you might have an expectant mama on your hands. **J&R Pierce Family Farm is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to allow sites to earn advertising fees by linking to products on Amazon. But after she failed to return to a standing heat again, we realized she was probably pregnant. It’s simple. It's important to note that certain swine illnesses can mimic pregnancy symptoms. She won’t return to her estrous cycle after mating. Knowing how a pig’s reproductive cycle works is the most important factor in determining whether your pig is pregnant. For those who might be wondering, we decided not to keep a boar to impregnate Boo because of space concerns. Since this is her first time, we don’t know what to expect. For example, abdominal swelling can indicate serious health problems like porcine enteropathy and intestinal torsion. A sow will begin to nest when she's within a day to three days of delivering her litter, at which point you will likely see her gathering straw or other dry materials with her mouth and building a circular nest in the area where she intends to farrow. Hi there my name is Ashley, I have a pregnant little lady and would love to connect with you and ask a few questions, my email is firstname.lastname@example.org and I can give my phone number in there. Why do you need to know, you might ask? Empower Her. Now’s The time to clean out the refrigerator for her! Now’s The time to clean out the refrigerator for her! These tests are best used between 18 and 35 days after breeding. This was our first year keeping a pig for breeding purposes, and because we weren’t entirely sure what keeping a pig through sub-zero winters would entail, we held off. He's written professionally since 2001, with articles appearing in such publications as The Cincinnati Enquirer, CiN Weekly, Baby Guide and Akron Life. When a sow comes into heat, the boar will sweet talk her (a series of short grunts) and do everything he can to mount her.