A loquat tree grown from seed takes approximately eight to 10 years to reach maturity and begin to bear fruit. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Also known as Japanese plum or Japanese medlar, loquat produces large, dark green leaves that are often used in floral arrangements. Situate loquats in full sun. It’s still good to avoid eating the seeds or the leaves, and to keep them away from children and pets. Native to China, carefully cultivated in Japan for a thousand years or more, and beloved in the American South, Eriobotrya japonica is an evergreen tree that can grow to 25 feet tall and spread 15 to 20 wide. They'll tolerate partial shade but flower and fruit production lessens. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. Do loquat trees grow fast? A relative of the rose, it makes small fruits which taste like a blend of peaches, citrus and mango, and some describe it as having a honey note. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. The fruits are rich in vitamin A, potassium, manganese, and dietary fiber. CalPoly San Luis Obispo University notes that a loquat in Southern in California measured 36 feet tall and 34 feet wide. Repeat this process another few times as the fruit begins to ripen to ensure it’s sweet and juicy, but only if you’re not having regular rain then. If grown as a container plant in small form, you have the option of moving it indoors when the weather is too cold to protect the fruit and flowers. The fruit reputedly also tastes good when pickled, and it’s also suitable to make wines and liqueurs. Loquats can live 50 to 150 years. This tree should be grown in a full sun to part shade environment, and does best in zones 8-10. Let’s go over the perfect conditions for growing your loquat tree! The loquat is an extremely easy tree to grow and will flourish in USDA zones 7-10. Ornamental as well as practical, loquat trees make excellent lawn specimen trees, with whirls of glossy foliage and a naturally attractive shape. Their skin will be a bit darker than unripe ones, which gives you an indication of when to start checking. Both the leaves and the seeds have small amounts of cyanogenic glycosides that release cyanide when digested. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. Deer nibble on the foliage, finding the new growth and the fruit particularly tasty. You can grow loquat as an ornamental in colder parts of its hardiness range, but you won't get fruit. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) has a number of advantages as a landscaping plant. Cleaning up fallen fruit before the maggots can emerge will help keep the population low. Chaney also writes poetry, which has appears in "Woman's World" magazine and elsewhere. Your loquat will not like being in standing water for very long! It is quite possible to do the espalier fruit tree method. Typically, there will be between forty and sixty flowers on a pannicle, with 10-12 fruits developing at that spot. The leaves are used in Japan to make biwa cha, a beverage which is believed to help with skin conditions and help with bronchitis or other respiratory illnesses. The maggots of the fruit fly will burrow into the fruit and will cause it to rot and fall from the tree. Hot weather also becomes a problem. These will remain small and compact, and can be placed outdoors when the weather is optimal and moved inside under a bright grow light when the temperatures are too cold. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Eriobotrya Japonica: Loquat, University of California Davis: Fruit & Nut Research Information: Loquat Fact Sheet, Cal Poly Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Japanese Loquat Eriobotrya Japonica, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Loquat Growing in the Florida Home Landscape. In their native Asian environments, loquats naturally thrive in a much more humid environment than they would in desert California or the southwestern half of the United States. In areas which have late spring or early summer rain, or which have high humidity, fire blight is relatively common. If the canopy is too densely packed with limited airflow, it can develop fungal leaf spot diseases. Grown for its fruits or as a decorative tree, loquat trees produce small, pear-shaped fruits that are no more than 2 inches long. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Loquat plum trees prefer warm climates, and they do best in USDA zones 8 to 10. At the end of a warm summer, the loquat plum tree will begin to develop flowers as fall approaches. There are white-fleshed or orange-fleshed varieties. Other than that, it can develop fungal leaf spots if airflow cannot easily penetrate the tree canopy. Overfertilization reduces flower production. Keep reading to learn more about loquat seed germination and how to prepare loquat seeds for planting. In temperatures of over 95 degrees, they suffer leaf-scorch and may have difficulties growing. Q: Are loquat and kumquat trees the same species? It is possible to grow loquats in containers. If you don’t have access to a fruit tree fertilizer, you can use a standard lawn fertilizer provided that it doesn’t have any weed preventative or weed killers mixed in. Fire blight and pear blight possible. This is most important during weather that is 95 degrees or hotter. While not susceptible to many diseases, your loquat tree is at risk of two different forms of blight: fire blight, and pear blight. The two most prevalent pests are scale insects (especially black scale), and fruit flies. If periods of over five days without rain occur during the tree's first three years, water the tree once a week during the drought. Keep water away from the trunk of established trees, keeping the irrigation zone from about half the distance between the trunk to the tips of the outermost branches. They’re also low in sodium and saturated fats. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. You want the roots to penetrate the soil mass deeply before you start giving it additional nutrition. Flowering may not be consistent from year to year, and fruit set may vary. Fruit should be allowed to ripen on the tree, as it develops all of its sweetness and flavor during that ripening period. After they establish themselves in your garden, your loquat only requires minimal maintenance throughout the growing season. A loquat tree grown from grafting has a much shorter growing time needed to reach maturity and produce a crop of loquats.