If you do not have space for an outdoor compost pile, you can compost materials indoors using a special type of bin, which you can buy at a local hardware store, gardening supplies store, or make yourself. Jeffrey Neal, the head of the Loop Closing composting business in Washington, D.C., is a big fan of worms. You should also alternate layers of organic materials of different-sized particles. To build your own composter, use a 32-gallon trash barrel and drill several 5/16-inch holes using the cordless drill on the cover of the garbage can and up and down the sides for aeration. This episode is your starter for how to compost … Meat and dairy products, though, are asking for trouble. Backyard Composting United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cornell Waste Management Institute's Small Scale Composting, U.S. Department of Agriculture Backyard Composting Tip Sheet. Regular mixing or turning of the compost and some water will help maintain the compost. Sometimes two to one. Life Kit shares tips on how to turn your food scraps into rich soil through composting. Add brown and green materials as they are collected, making sure larger pieces are chopped or shredded. If you do have some outdoor space, your compost bin doesn't have to be complicated. These 4 “ingredients” are: Organic Matter; Aerobic Bacteria; Oxygen; Water; Organic Matter. Diggs says the browns are key because they allow water to flow, and air to flow, something called aeration. How long do you have to wait for decomposition? Microorganisms are the true heroes of this process, they do the heavy lifting of decomposition. Diggs says when you start out you might be turning the compost once every seven to 10 days. Also, you can store the food scraps in a bag in your freezer or the back of the fridge. Select a dry, shady spot near a water source for your compost pile or bin. For this step, you gotta think about the space you're currently living in. Like banana peels, or, if you're me, a frightening amount of pineapple tops. There's a solution for your home food waste that doesn't involve landfills: Composting! If you want to break down your food scraps in your own apartment, there are still options. "Bad compost smells, well, bad," he says, "It's like what a smelly trash can or dumpster smells like ... Basically, it smells like a landfill.". When you make the first chop of the butt of that asparagus, boom, it could go right in there.". Use a shovel or pitchfork to regularly turn your compost and mix the layers. Composting at home: Establishing your own basic compost pile Choose a site where you want to put up your compost pile. Some do it more frequently, some less. Also tea bags, coffee grounds, eggshells, old flowers — even human hair! Greens - This includes materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds. You got this soggy, smelly pile," Diggs says, "So drainage makes a difference.". Aerate the pile at least once a week, stirring the compost and getting the … Clear a patch of ground about 4′ by 4′. It helps to shred up the paper products before putting them in your pile. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. An old trash bin, an old wooden chest — just work with what you have available. Other things that may attract pests? Browns - This includes materials such as dead leaves, branches, and twigs. Water - Having the right amount of water, greens, and browns is important for compost development. It doesn't matter if you're in a suburban home or in a tiny apartment. Life Kit shares tips on how to turn your food scraps into rich soil through composting. Typically the more compost you have, the faster it will go. Cold composting is as simple as collecting yard waste or taking out the organic materials in your trash (such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and filters, and eggshells) and then corralling them in a pile or bin. Helpful tools include pitchforks, square-point shovels or machetes, and water hoses with a spray head. When you're composting, your kitchen scraps should be part of a deliberate layering process to speed up decomposition. And the feel! Compost consists of 4 main components that work in unison to produce nutrient-rich material you can use around your home. Start with fruits and veggies — the skin of a sweet potato, the top of your strawberry. That will make sure microorganisms can do their job. "I think keeping it simple," Diggs says. The good news? Everything from grass clippings to tea leaves to wood chips is excellent compost starters. "If one hundred percent of it is water, then nothing is going on. Once your compost pile is established, mix grass clippings and green waste into the pile and bury fruit and vegetable waste under 10 inches of compost material.