Unlike true chestnuts (Castanea dentata), the nuts of horse chestnut are inedible and poisonous. The petiole is long. single tree or planting in groups, honey plant, feeding tree, overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. It has a broad and spreading crown with a low crown base. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The leaves of Horse chestnut are palmately compound with five to seven leaflets. Your help is appreciated. The crown base is often very low, so that the chestnut is well suited as a climbing tree. Discover thousands of New England plants. This large and majestic tree has a distinctive leaf shape and candles of white flowers which lead to the renowned conker. the state. Widely planted as a large shade and street tree. The flowersare us… The Horse chestnut (buckeye) is a deciduous tree is originally from the Balkans and is widespread in Central Europe. Shatters upon impact on the floor. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). All rights reserved. County documented: documented This is known as a palmate compound leaf. Show The leaflets are 13 - 30 cm (5.1 – 11.81 in) long. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Aesculus hippocastanum Underneath the buds there are noticeably large leaf scars. The color of the tree bark is brown to gray-green. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Also covers The flower color is white to yellow-red. It has a broad, spreading crown. To reuse an The bark of the trunk is first smooth and later slightly cracked. populations both exist in a county, only native status The leaves are opposite and palmately compound, with 5–7 leaflets; each leaflet is 13–30 cm (5–12 in) long, making the whole leaf up to 60 cm (24 in) across, with a 7–20 cm (3–8 in) petiole. The chestnut tree can grow up to 25 meters high. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. The seeds (chestnuts) of the horse chestnut are in a fleshy, green and spiky capsule. CT, MA, ME, a sighting. Found this plant? State documented: documented Take care not to confuse them and enjoy! L.Â E. horse-chestnut. (intentionally or Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) – The famous conker tree. Mostly one to two fruits are in a fruit bowl. Note: when native and non-native All Characteristics, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the base of the leaf blade is attenuate (tapering very gradually to a prolonged tip), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the hairs on the leaf blade are different from the choices given, the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture). The chestnut flowers in May. post Non-native: introduced We depend on The fruit is often used for handicrafts. A tall, fast growing, dome shaped tree which can grow up to 35 meters. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Widely planted as a large shade and street tree. The chestnut leaf is fingered, often with seven (5-7) cut leaves. The red-flowering chestnut is more suitable as a street tree because it forms only a few fruits. For details, please check with your state. The leaves radiate out from the center in spoke-like fashion. The flower color is white to yellow-red. in part by the National Science Foundation. The twigs are light brown to reddish brown. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, near dwellings. The chestnuts are also very popular with our wild animals, especially the wild boars like to eat them. The leaf margin of the leaflets is toothed. in 20 years). Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. you. The leaves of Horse chestnut are palmately compound with five to seven leaflets. unintentionally); has become naturalized. The leaf of the horse chestnut is its most identifiable characteristic. The leaf is up to 20 cm (8 inch) long. The edges of the leaves are serrated and are obovate (teardrop) in shape, with the small end of the teardrop at the center of the spoke. Keep meal leftovers or take photos of the nuts you pick for easier identification in the event of poisoning There are generally seven leaves in the spoke that can be anywhere from 4 to 6 inches in length. The chestnut is often used as a single tree and street tree. The leaf color looks dull, the leaf margins are double sawn. The horse chestnut can grow up to 25 meters (85 ft) high. The of the chestnut are erected like a flower (flower candle) The inflorescences are 20 - 30 cm (8-12 inch) high. is shown on the map. Upon impact with the ground, the pericarp shatters and releases the chestnuts. Copyright: various copyright holders. Can you please help us? donations to help keep this site free and up to date for The chestnut is not cultivated in Europe as timber. The buds of the chestnut are large, ovate pointed, green-brown and often sticky. Unlike true chestnuts (Castanea dentata), the nuts of horse chestnut are inedible and poisonous. The leaflets are 13 - 30 cm (5.1 – 11.81 in) long. The fruits fall in autumn with the pericarp from the tree. Horse chestnut is an attractive street tree with showy spires of white flowers and distinctive, palmate (hand-shaped) shiny, green, compound leaves. All images and text Â© Each horse chestnut leaf consists of several oval "leaflets", which give the whole leaf a palm-shaped appearance, whereas sweet chestnut leaves are simple and elongated without leaflets. Aesculus hippocastanum is a large tree, growing to about 39 metres (128 ft) tall with a domed crown of stout branches; on old trees the outer branches are often pendulous with curled-up tips.