The Turks had taken complete control in the 13th century, but the ancient name of Phrygia remained in use until the last remnant of the Byzantine Empire was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1453. Placing the two tetrachords together, and the single tone at bottom of the scale produces the Hypophrygian mode (below Phrygian): In modern western music (from the 18th century onward), the Phrygian mode is related to the modern natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode, but with the second scale degree lowered by a semitone, making it a minor second above the tonic, rather than a major second. also connected the Phrygians with the Mygdones, the name of two groups of people, one of which lived in northern Macedonia and another in Mysia. In one version of his story, Midas travels from Thrace accompanied by a band of his people to Asia Minor to wash away the taint of his unwelcome "golden touch" in the river Pactolus. According to the story, while traveling from Minoa to the Amazons, Heracles stopped in Mysia and supported the Mysians in a battle with the Bebryces. "The Significance of the Phrygian Mode in the History of Tonality". A system of writing in the Phrygian language developed and flourished in Gordium during this period, using a Phoenician-derived alphabet similar to the Greek one. According to a classical tradition, popularized by Josephus, Phrygia can be equated with the country called Togarmah by the ancient Hebrews, which has in turn been identified as the Tegarama of Hittite texts and Til-Garimmu of Assyrian records.  The apparent similarity of the Phrygian language to Greek and its dissimilarity with the Anatolian languages spoken by most of their neighbors is also taken as support for a European origin of the Phrygians. 1996. The climate is harsh with hot summers and cold winters; olives will not easily grow here and the land is mostly used for livestock grazing and the production of barley. 301", Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Numidia (divided as Cirtensis and Militiana during the Tetrarchy), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phrygia&oldid=989656232#Mythic_past, States and territories established in the 12th century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 7th century BC, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2014, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2014, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dominant kingdom in Asia Minor from c. 1200–700 BC, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 07:20.  It is the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale. According to the Iliad, before the Trojan War, a young king Priam of Troy had taken an army to Phrygia to support it in a war against the Amazons. In Acts 16:6 the Apostle Paul and his companion Silas travelled through Phrygia and the region of Galatia proclaiming the Christian gospel. Since your “key … At the western end of Phrygia stood the towns of Aizanoi (modern Çavdarhisar) and Acmonia. Scholars of the Hittites believe Tegarama was in eastern Anatolia – some locate it at Gurun – far to the east of Phrygia. Herodotus also claims that Phrygian colonists founded the Armenian nation. It shows her humanized though still enthroned, her hand resting on an attendant lion and the other holding the tympanon, a circular frame drum, similar to a tambourine.