In other words, whatever the cause may be, it is equally dangerous. News about Floods, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. A part of what is left evaporates. Most of the world’s large cities are situated on or near seacoasts, lakeshores, or rivers. A 100-year- flood is about once every 100 years. In this essay on flood, we will see the prevention and after-affect of flood. Since ancient times people have built their cities along rivers because they use the water for drinking and for farming. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. News about Floods, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. The regular seasonal spring floods of the Nile River prior The collapse of a dam and reservoir can cause a terrifying and destructive flash flood, such as the Johnstown, Pennsylvania, flood of May 1889. Floods kill more people and causes more damage than other severe weather related events. Sometimes spring rains break off chunks of ice that then become jammed downstream and obstruct a river’s flow. Underwater earthquakes and volcanic eruptions can cause huge ocean waves called tsunamis that swamp coasts far and near. The eruption of the volcano Krakatoa in 1883 formed waves that inundated whole districts in Java and Sumatra, killing some 36,000 people. China’s Yangtze River also floods frequently as a result of silt buildup along its riverbed. In other words, whatever the cause may be, it is equally dangerous. When Hurricane Mitch struck the east coast of Central America in 1998, its rains caused extensive flooding and devastating mudslides. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. It has a lot of harmful consequences. Ruined homes, factories, and other buildings may need to be rebuilt, farms restocked and crops replanted, and damaged water and transportation systems restored. One of the worst disasters in U.S. history was the Mississippi River Flood of 1927, in which the Mississippi River overflowed its banks following months of heavy rains. Flood Essay – 5 (600 words) Floods occur when excessive rainfall in a particular region results in the overflow of water on the land that is mostly dry. Deforestation and the loss of soil through erosion or the development of land for farming or business can exacerbate flooding. Almost every culture has a legend about a great flood. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The Bidar-based Shaheen Educational Institute is offering scholarships for the 2021 NEET examination training to students affected by floods and COVID … In Louisiana, the flooding of New Orleans on the Gulf Coast during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 resulted when the city’s levee system failed after being inundated with 10 inches (25 centimeters) of rain and the hurricane’s storm surge (a rise in sea level). Ice jams during the spring rise of the Danube River in Europe caused major flooding in 1342, 1402, 1501, and 1830. A 500-year-flood is so big and rare that it will normally happen only once every 500 years. Then whole communities may need to be inoculated against diseases. Venice, Italy, is often flooded. The flood destroyed the Library & Information Science program as well Government Documents, the Maps … Floods come in all depths, from just a couple inches to many feet. Altogether more than 200,000 people were killed in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, the Maldives, Somalia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and other countries. The power of floodwater is extraordinary and lethal. A flood can happen in a few minutes, hours, days, or over weeks. After relief work come the important tasks of rehabilitation. Just six inches of water can knock a person off their feet. Before. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/science/flood.html.