This gets troublesome at the frayed edges, where people may — while thinking of things purely in terms of "essences" — wonder if something really "is" or "is not" a particular thing. 3, The Definition of Religion in the Context of Social-Scientific Study (Fall 1999), Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. However, if an essentialist definition is not smuggled in for the purpose of maintaining a distinction between the ‘religion’ family and other neighbouring families such as ideologies, worldviews, values or symbolic systems, then the family becomes so indefinite that the word ceases to pick out any distinctive aspect of human culture. option. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions - Belief in Supernatural Beings - Distinction between Sacred and Profane - Moral Code sanctioned by Supernatural Beings - Religious Feelings of Awe. To access this article, please, Vol. Historical Reflections/Reflections Historiques has established a well-deserved reputation for publishing high quality articles of wide-ranging interest for over forty years. Please research the article's assertions. No single feature is common to all members of the family, so the family cannot be defined as "having a wide nose" nor "having ginger hair". Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by. Not all sports require extreme physical exertion; motor racing doesn't require as much athletic ability as running and weightlifting, and snooker certainly doesn't. Family resemblance is a concept within modern analytic philosophy and language critiques that says words are loosely defined by a combination of common, or related, features rather than a rigorous single feature. family rese mblance be tween religions, in a phylogenetic sense religion is not one family but many. This chapter explores Wittgenstein's characterization of the concepts of “family resemblance”; for the various resemblances between members of a family: build, features, color of eyes, gait, temperament, etc., overlap and crisscross in the same way. Which of the following fit with Audi's "Family Resemblance" definition of religion? This can be seen in anyone trying to argue that atheism is a religion. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Berghahn Books is an award-winning independent scholarly publisher of distinguished books and journals in the humanities and social sciences, headed by a mother (books) and daughter (journals) team. [note 1] This should be obvious to most people, as this happens to be exactly how the universe functions, too. A peer-reviewed press, Berghahn is committed to the highest academic standards; its publishing program is widely recognized for the quality both of its lists and of the production of its books and journals. Not all features may be common to every object in the "family". Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques With respect to the latter, he claims that "the concept of religion must have some essential characteristic, and if it does not, then the family of religion becomes … This item is part of JSTOR collection So we can expect and exploit patterns of inheritance and variation within the many Family resemblance is a concept within modern analytic philosophy and language critiques that says words are loosely defined by a combination of common, or related, features rather than a rigorous single feature. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. The point of more modern approaches to language and philosophy is that this "is" or "is not" question isn't particularly interesting and has few actual ramifications. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Request Permissions. Neither must it be defined as being competitive, as not all sports and games have a necessary competition element, and not all competitions are sports. © 1999 Berghahn Books 2.3 Issues Dividing Definitions of Religion. https://rationalwiki.org/w/index.php?title=Family_resemblance&oldid=2183482. Select the purchase However, consideration of family resemblance theory in the context of Wittgenstein’s life and work, may despite the promise of many insights preclude a more