NASA - Scientists hunt for acid rain and methane in wetlands. The nitric acid and sulfuric acid sucks the minerals from the soil, causing demineralization in the land. What are the … Sometimes the heavy metals released through acid rain also get its entry into our body when we drink the acidic water. Air Pollution Creates Acid Rain Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Decreased calcium also creates excess aluminum in the soil, preventing trees and other plant life from absorbing water. are also noticeable as consequences of acid rain. Water bodies like rivers, lakes, seas, etc. When the acidity of water increases, it affects the aquatic ecosystem causing contamination of water. The acid rain contaminates the water bodies, and when this water enters our body, it causes various health issues. The effects of acid rain, combined with other environmental stressors, leave trees and plants less healthy, more vulnerable to cold temperatures, insects, and disease. Environment Canada - Frequently asked questions about acid rain. Not all acidic deposition is wet. This directly affects the mineral levels of the soil and the creatures, such as snails, that rely on that calcium for shell growth. United States Geological Survey - The USGS' Water Science for Schools page on acid rain. The chemicals present in acid rain can damage the paint from the vehicles. The soil has to maintain a proper pH balance to support the biological functions, but acid rain disturbs this pH balance causing acidity in the soil. The nitric acid and sulfuric acid sucks the minerals from the soil, causing demineralization in the land. Finally, manufacturing plants can reduce the emissions that cause acid rain by using scrubbers to clean and remove the dangerous chemicals from the pipes before they are released into the air. The water becomes quickly acidic when the acid rain precipitates on surface water and thus cause acidification of water. National Park Service - Air quality monitoring in the Great Smoky Mountains. A damaged respiratory system means decreased oxygen in the blood supply, which eventually damages the heart. People also need to get out of their car. As a result of this, the acidity of the soil increases, which reduces the pH, Effects of acid rain on the quality of soil –, Acid rain not only affects the water and vegetation of the environment but also, The effects of acid rain are not only restricted to water, vegetation, soil, but it also affects the material adversely. Acid rain also releases a tremendous amount of aluminum in the soil that hinders the. Let’s discuss the harmful effects of acid rain in detail – Required fields are marked *, Acid rain is becoming a significant environmental problem these days. What are the Causes and Effects of a Thunderstorm? Excessive levels of acidity caused due to acid rain also suck the necessary nutrients and minerals from the soil. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The scarcity of calcium carbonate is one of the main effects of acid rain caused due to the reduction of pH levels of water. Acid rain is a form of precipitation (rain, snow, or dry dust) that is acidic in nature. As a result of this, the acidity of the soil increases, which reduces the pH balance in the soil. Grassland Ecosystem – Types of Grassland Ecosystem and Characteristics. Upper Midwest Aerospace Consortium - A discussion on the environmental effects of acid rain. Study the causes, effects, along with a few examples and understand the prevention measures. Eventually, the soil is unable to support the vegetation and the lives of many microorganisms. When acid rain falls upon an ecosystem, it affects the water supply as well as the plants and animals in that area. Environmental Protection Agency - Advice on how to reduce the production of acid rain. Acid rain has many environmental side effects, but its impact is largely seen on water sources and aquatic environment, such as lakes, wetlands and streams, explains National Geographic. Acid rain has also changed the biodiversity of nature. The acidic particles can easily corrode the surface of metals (such as steel, bronze, copper, iron, etc. Acid rain shows multiple health issues on our bodies. Negative effects of acid rain on our environment and our health. are directly affected by acid rain. Effects of acid rain on the quality of soil – ), and thus, it doesn’t appear very interesting. It affects the functioning of various organs and tissues such as the nervous system, respiratory system, digestive system, etc. The average pH level of water in lakes, oceans, and seas is 6.5, but due to increasing the acidity, it starts getting reduced. The adverse effects of acid rain on soil include various issues such as improper biological functioning, damage to chemical composition, imbalance of soil microbes, etc. Everyone has to put a lot of effort to survive in the adverse conditions caused due to acid rain, whether it is a wet deposition of acid rain or it is a dry deposition. Acid rain is dangerous to humans. National Geographic - National Geographic reports on the causes of acid rain. Write various mechanisms involved in the formation and depletion of ozone in the atmosphere. Acid rain not only affects the water and vegetation of the environment but also degrades the quality of the soil. The terrestrial ecosystem is equally affected by the harmful effects on acid rain. As a result of acid rain, the microorganisms present in soil could not adjust with the changes in soil composition and thus die, unfortunately. Moreover, also humans are adversely affected since acid rain causes corrosion of steel structures (e.g. The main causes of acid rain are gases called sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Impacts of acid rain on Humans – Your email address will not be published. The Environmental Literacy Council - A discussion on acid precipitation and links to helpful resources. Acid rain has the properties to damage various building materials, statues, vehicles, etc. Especially, those people who have the problem of asthma may be affected by acid rain quite adversely. are directly affected by acid rain. If you swim in acidic water, it may irritate different parts of your body like skin, eyes, nose, etc. The National Academies Press - A report on programs to control air pollution and acid rain in China. The environment consists of living and non-living organisms. All the plants, animals, and other microorganisms, including air, water, and land, collectively make as an, Impacts of acid rain on aquatic ecosystem –, Water bodies like rivers, lakes, seas, etc. Article Environmental Effects of Acid Rain. It is believed that the acid rain causes the damage as it dries on, and evaporates from, the surface. National Atmospheric Deposition Program - A discussion of the causes and effects of acid rain. Impacts of acid rain on aquatic ecosystem – The scarcity of calcium carbonate is one of the main effects of acid rain caused due to the reduction of pH levels of water. The consequence of this is just as it is for any soil or water source infected with acid rain: the plants and creatures die off, and the creatures that rely on those plants and smaller creatures lose their food source and die, as well. New York State - Department of Environmental Conservation's Q & A on acid rain. Acid rain shows multiple health issues on our bodies. Acid Rain - Rain is called "Acid Rain" only if it has more acid than normal. The extremely acidic water caused due to acid rain also drains aluminum from the soil, which gets dissolved in water, causing the death of fishes by choking their gills. Learn the harmful effects of acidic rain. Algae growth is increased by acid rain, and rock scaling microbial and invertebrate herbivores lose habitation and die. The effects of acid rain are not only restricted to water, vegetation, soil, but it also affects the material adversely. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});