One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Colossus of Rhodes was a massive statue of a male figure built around 280 B.C. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? The Colossus of Rhodes was made of shaped bronze plates fastened to an iron framework. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Directed by Sergio Leone. Today, the world’s tallest statues include China’s Spring Temple Buddha, which stands 354 feet atop a 66-foot-high lotus throne (that itself sits on an 82-foot-tall building), and Burma’s Laykyun Setkyar Buddha, which is 381 feet high with a 44-foot-tall base; both structures were completed in the early 21st century. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Another ancient world wonder, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, produced in the mid-fifth century B.C., was about 40 feet tall. In 2008, government officials in Rhodes announced plans were in “the drawing board stage” for a new Colossus; rather than being a replica, it’s intended to take shape as the planet’s largest light sculpture. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Colossus-of-Rhodes, Ancient History Encyclopedia - The Colossus of Rhodes, Ancient Origins - The Colossus of Rhodes: Ancient Greek Mega Statue, The Museum of UnNatural Mystery - The Colossus of Rhodes. The fallen Colossus was left in place until 654 ce, when Arabian forces raided Rhodes and had the statue broken up and the bronze sold for scrap. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Made of bronze and reinforced with iron, it was weighted with stones. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. and erected on the Greek island of Rhodes. Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Designed by Greek sculptor Chares of Lindos, the Colossus of Rhodes reportedly stood about 110 feet tall atop a 50-foot platform. Learn more. and 2540 B.C. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Colossus of Rhodes was a massive statue of a male figure built around 280 B.C. Learn more about the Colossus of Rhodes in … Updates? The statue, which took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 BCE), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE. Notable plans to build a new Colossus of Rhodes have been proposed in the 21st century. Legend has it the people of Rhodes sold the equipment left behind by the Macedonians in order to bankroll the statue’s creation. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Corrections? The Colossus of Rhodes was a colossal statue of the Greek sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. These plans have had manifold purposes, including creating a symbol of world peace, promoting Greek culture, and providing economic benefits to Greece, such as job creation and tourism revenue. Much about the monument remains shrouded in mystery, as it was destroyed in an earthquake in 226 B.C. and erected on the Greek island of Rhodes. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Black Friday Sale! The Colossus of Rhodes was a gigantic 33-metre-high statue of the sun god Helios which stood by the harbour of that city from c. 280 BCE, one of the most important trading ports in the ancient Mediterranean.Made by the local sculptor Chares using bronze, the statue soon appeared on contemporary travel writer’s lists of must-see sights and was thus known as one of the Seven Wonders … The statue did not straddle the harbour entrance. It was said to be 70 cubits (105 feet [32 metres]) tall, and it depicted the sun god Helios. With Rory Calhoun, Lea Massari, Georges Marchal, Conrado San Martín. However, ancient accounts hold that the Colossus of Rhodes was created in honor of the sun god Helios and to commemorate the Rhodians’ successful defense of their island against a siege led by Macedonian leader Demetrius Poliorcetes in 305 B.C. It is believed that the Colossus of Rhodes stood beside Mandrákion harbour in Rhodes, Greece. All Rights Reserved. The sculptor Chares of Lyndus (another city on the island) created the statue, which commemorated the raising of Demetrius I Poliorcetes’ long siege (305 bce) of Rhodes. Supposedly, the fragments totaled more than 900 camel loads. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The statue, which took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 bce), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 bce. By comparison, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only ancient world wonder that still survives, initially rose about 481 feet when it was completed, likely sometime between 2560 B.C. That belief, which originated in the Middle Ages, would have been impossible to realize from an engineering standpoint. The Colossus was said to be 70 cubits (105 feet [32 metres]) high and stood beside Mandrákion harbour, perhaps shielding its eyes with one hand, as a representation in a relief suggests. It is technically impossible that the statue could have straddled the harbour entrance, and the popular belief that it did so dates only from the Middle Ages. Many representations of the statue depict the figure as nude or semi-nude, except for a cloak, and a representation in one relief suggests that the figure was shielding its eyes with one hand. While on holiday in Rhodes, Athenian war hero Darios becomes involved in two different plots to overthrow the tyrannical king, one from Rhodian patriots and the other from sinister Phoenician agents. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).