Inhalation in an occupational setting is the most common source of toxicity, although transdermal absorption is also a danger. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Black Friday Sale! Some examples of workers at risk of being exposed to carbon disulfide include the following: NIOSH recommends that employers use Hierarchy of Controls to prevent injuries. Carbon Disulfide (CS2) - Carbon Disulfide is the chemical name of CS2. https://www.britannica.com/science/carbon-disulfide, United States Environmental Protection Agency - Carbon Disulfide, National Pollutant Inventory - Carbon disulfide, Carbon disulfide - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It is also present in varnish, solvents, and insecticides. Carbon disulfide has been used in a variety of industrial applications for well over 100 years. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Omissions? The NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM) is a collection of methods for sampling and analysis of contaminants in workplace air, and in the blood and urine of workers who are occupationally exposed. 25 The neurotoxicity of carbon disulfide was recognized shortly after its first uses in the rubber industry, 26 and numerous reports of clinical central and peripheral nervous system toxicity have been published. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. /SRP: Not registered for current use in the U.S., but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses./ The use of carbon disulfide for extraction of fats, oils, and waxes has been largely discontinued in favour of other solvents that are less toxic and flammable. Carbon disulfide is made for commercial use by combining carbon and sulfur at very high temperatures. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. USE: Carbon disulfide is an important commercial chemical. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Updates? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Visit BYJU'S to understand the properties, structure, and uses of Carbon Disulfide (CS2) explained by India's best teachers. EXPOSURE: Carbon disulfide is a natural product present in the air. Carbon disulfide is used industrially in the manufacture of perfumes, cellophane, rayon, and some types of rubber. Some examples of workers at risk of being exposed to carbon disulfide include the following: Factory workers who work where rubber is made or processed. If you work in an industry that uses carbon disulfide, please read chemical labels and the accompanying Safety Data Sheets for hazard information. For carbon disulfide (USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code: 016401) there are 0 labels match. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, blood, heart, liver, nerves, and skin. The use of carbon disulfide in making rayon and cellophane depends upon its reaction with cellulose and caustic soda to form colloidal solutions of cellulose xanthate, which can be extruded into a dilute solution of sulfuric acid, which coagulates the cellulose films or fibres and sets free the carbon disulfide. Health and environmental concerns related to carbon disulfide have curtailed some uses, such as in grain fumigants and solvents. The following resources provide information about occupational exposure to carbon disulfide. Workers may be harmed by carbon disulfide. Ethane, propane, and propane are also used for the production of Carbon disulfide. When coke reacts with Sulphur at high temperatures, it produces carbon disulfide. Corrections? Workers involved in cellophane production. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.