While a few specimens of Alligator Gar and Arapaima have exceeded the Mekong Giant Catfish in length, the latter regularly reaches far heavier weights. Arapaima is the largest freshwater fish in South America and also one of the largest freshwater fishes in the world. It feeds on other fish species and sometimes it can even jump out of the water to grab a snack like a bird or small land mammal. By Carla Herreria Russo. The official status of White Sturgeon as per the United States Department of agriculture is endangered that means all the species are in danger of extinction. This giant species can grow up to 6 feet and weighs more than 500 pounds. Also, they are known to gulp up creatures like rodents and birds, and that is why they have been called the “Mongolian Terror Trout” by National Geography. It is also said that the population of the species will be driven to the extinction if the govertment agencies will plan a dam for the Mekong River. The eggs of the beluga sturgeon are a rare type of caviar known for the delicate skin, however, due to the endangered status of the species, the caviar is banned in the United States. According to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, the species is threatened with extinction, however, the quotas are still unchanged since 2007. The population of the fishes seen in Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Myanmar, however, they are most common in Thai-Lao PDR border. But, unlike the salmons, beluga sturgeon reproduce year after year. Related: Top 10 Most Beautiful Fishes in the World. They tend to be aggressive hunters of their prey, feeding on mostly small fish, as well as small mammals and insects. Bull sharks usually live near high-population areas such as tropical shorelines. Your email address will not be published. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The species were mostly seen in estuaries and large deep rivers hidden over sandy river bottoms. Gigantic fish swim in fresh waters around the world, just check out our list of the 10 largest freshwater fish and see for yourself. The species is grey-white in colour and can be differentiated by the lack of barbels and absence of teeth. The species aren’t at all bothered by brackish and can swim far between rivers and tributaries. The giant freshwater stingray is a species of stingray belonging to the family Dasyatidae. We have the world records for all the types fish in fresh water. One interesting thing to note is that these species are harmless and actively avoids people. Related: Top 10 Harmless Shark Species In The World. It does not have any scales on the body, however, gill cover is long and have tiny eyes. So enjoy your visit at the Freshwater … One of the largest freshwater fishes, Alligator Gar, often known as the “fossil fish” or “primitive fish,” is one the largest freshwater fishes in the world. If you think only saltwater fish are big, you are sorely wrong. In the list of Top 10 Largest Freshwater Fish In The World, Alligator Gar is at no 3. Alligator gar can grow up to 10 feet long, can weigh up to 300 pounds and can live up to 50 years. It is the largest species in the salmon family which can grow to over six feet in length. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Also Read: Top 12 Smallest Animals In The World. Here is the list of top ten biggest, largest freshwater fishes in the world. Freshwater World Records For Fish Fishing Guides Fisherman's View welcome you to the Freshwater World Records For Fish. The site is also to cover things that are related to the world. Soon the existence of one of the largest fishes in the world will end. Moreover, the growth of white sturgeon is very slow and usually matures in eight to 20 years, depending on the environment. However, alligator gars are harmless and do not pose any threat to humans. The species existed since prehistoric times, however, there is a major decline in the population because of the demand for caviar increases throughout the world. Also, this fish can breathe air and stay submerged for 15-20 minutes at a time and can also survive up to 24 hours outside of the water, however, these species are listed as endangered species by Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species or cite. According to the USDA, the current numbers are limited to 168 miles in the Kootenai River measured from upstream of Cora Linn Dam in British Columbia to Kootenai Falls. This gentle giant grows very fast in size and can reach from 330 to 440 pounds in just six years. It generally prefers warm tropical waters and female fishes are larger than the males. In fact, Gigantic fishes swim even in freshwater around the world, However many of them migrate between marine and fresh waters. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. In 2005, a record-breaking specimen was caught in the Mekong River in Thailand where the giant fish was nearly nine feet long and weighed in at a whopping 646 pounds was caught. This is the 3rd Largest Fish of Freshwater In The World and also on our list. The trade of one of the largest fishes is highly prohibited. Your email address will not be published. It is one of the largest predatory fishes on Earth and also one of the only species of sturgeons that actively eat other fishes. Required fields are marked *. Both of them have skeletons made of cartilage and not bone. A large alligator gar, the largest freshwater fish in North America. The primary reason for the threatening status will be fishing & harvesting aquatic resources. The Site is dedicated to providing facts and information for the knowledge and entertainment purpose. Alligator Gar is an extremely old fish species dating back to over 100 million years ago. This Mekong Catfish is a large and critically endangered species of catfish, endemic to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia and adjacent China. Also, it always hatches in freshwater rivers and spends most of its adult life in saltwater seas. Historically, a bull shark with its two other species namely, great whites and tiger sharks can prove to be very dangerous as all of the three species mostly attack humans. Related: This is the World’s Smallest Fish. The species population is on a major decline since the mid-twentieth century. It loves to eat insects, crustaceans, molluscs and fish and can eat even bigger size when they grow bigger. Though, it is more widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. Thailand, it turns out, is home to some massively large freshwater fish. The Nile perch is a species of freshwater fish belonging to the fish family Latidae of order Perciformes. Bull Shark is considered as near threatened as per the reports from the IUCN. The species is critically endangered according to the WWF Report Highlighting Dangers of Damming the Mekong. 3.Alligator Gar. Location: Ceduna, Australia. The beluga sturgeon is the largest sturgeon and one of the largest bony fishes in the world. Arapaima can grow to over eight feet long and weigh more than 400 pounds. The country currently holds the world record in the category thanks to a 646-pound catfish hooked in 2005, but last week, researchers caught and released a giant freshwater stingray in the Mae Klong River that may set a new record. These species are often seen in the Nile, Chad, Senegal, Volta and Congo river basins. It is widespread throughout Afrotropic ecozone, being endemic to the Congo, Nile, Senegal, Niger and Lake Chad, Volta, Lake Turkana, and other river basins. The largest captured beluga sturgeon is of size 20 feet and weighs over 7,000 pounds. The primary reasons are the construction of dams and dykes that have eliminated floodplain habitat where they usually spawn. However, locals have claimed that they have seen even bigger specimens of these fishes.