These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. More recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop. Nurseries may list Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch', 'Israeli', 'Peruvian' etc., depending on the country of origin. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily". 16 names similar to Amarilis. See below Description. (syn. [70], Twin scales More recently micropropagation in vitro has been used on a commercial scale. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). Other flower colors include yellow and pale green with variations on these including multicoloring, with different colored mottling, stripes or edges on the petals. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. Hence, scientific name of Amaryllis is used worldwide. These 16 names were selected by our users that were looking for other names like Amarilis. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. Also, you can get several nicknames out of this full name. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. Common Name(s): amaryllis [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: partial : Latest Record Review: 2010 [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature,, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 22:13. Even when plants are thriving outdoors in temperate climates, dormancy can be induced by withholding watering and fertilising in the northern hemisphere autumn, and bringing indoors to a cool environment prior to the first frost. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. Most common amaryllis varieties produce two stems per bulbs, each with four blooms, although some cultivars may produce six blooms. Hippeastrum are native to South Africa while amaryllis bulbs come from South America. Seeds are generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and then transplanted to larger containers. Blooming takes place about two months after planting. It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. Some of the most successful hybrids were Graveana and Empress of India. The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. [52][63], Leopoldii hybrids arose from the work of the British explorer and botanist Richard Pearce, an employee of James Veitch & Sons, a plant nursery. Like the naked ladies plant, the resurrection lily (Lycoris squamigera) blooms on a bare stem. As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. The taxonomy of the genus has been controversial. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in the same genus; subsequently they were separated into two different genera.