A lot of ATP, actually -- 34 molecules of ATP to be exact. This produces acetyl CoA, which in turn helps produce citric acid. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Aerobic cellular respiration can be summarized by the equation: C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2--> 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + ATP You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. When the chemical bonds of glucose are broken down into energy; carbon dioxide and water are generated as the byproducts. 1. The pyruvate that was created during glycolysis is converted to a two-carbon acetyl group, which then combines with coenzyme A to produce acetyl-coA. In all, 38 molecules of ATP are generated for every molecule of glucose during various aerobic respiration steps. This occurs in the mitochondria, which are small energy organelles within your cells. Scroll down... Do you want to know how the body cells convert food into energy, with the help of oxygen? What Is Produced When Fructose & Glucose Are Combined? Formation of Acetyl Coenzyme AThe second step in aerobic respiration is the formation of acetyl coenzyme A. Anaerobic respiration occurs in the absence of oxygen. It is a metabolic process where nutrients are oxidized and energy is released to produce ATP. Fermentation Total = 2 ATP. Aerobic respiration is a biological process that takes energy from glucose and other organic compounds to create a molecule called Adenosine TriPhosphate (ATP). This is especially true as it relates to your musculoskeletal system, which requires a large amount of this molecule to allow for normal movement. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Carbon with two oxygen molecules is removed as it no longer contains energy in it. The first step in aerobic respiration is glycolysis, which literally means the breakdown of glucose. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is important to understand the differences between the two. There are two main types of respiration: aerobic and anaerobic. Acetyl-CoA. Along the way, one molecule of guanosine triphosphate (GTP), three molecules of NADH and one molecule of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FADH2), are produced. Aerobic Respiration, Part 1: Glycolysis You have read that nearly all of the energy used by living things comes to them in the bonds of the sugar, glucose. This is because glycolysis actually uses two ATPs during the first phase of the process to generate glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. He holds an American College of Sports Medicine CPT, and a National Exercise and Sports Trainers Association CMMACC. Christian Brothers University: Aerobic Respiration, Describe the Digestion, Absorption and Metabolism of Protein, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. During the aerobic respiration steps, glucose is oxidized and energy is released. Copyright © Biology Wise & Buzzle.com, Inc.