The stave diagrams above show the scale notes without a key signature, with the sharp / flat adjustments inserted before each note on the staff. What is the difference between the A-flat natural minor scale and the Ab major scale ? For natural minor scales, the notes names when descending are just the reverse of the ascending names. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. Various chords found in Ab Natural Minor scale. The match fails when trying to find a C -type of scale note, because either this type of note does not exist in this scale, or it exists but is in the wrong position number / table row for this match. The first mismatch is used as an example. This melodic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - Ab natural minor scale. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. The 7 unique notes in a scale need to be named such that each letter from A to G is used once only, so each note name is either a natural white name(A.. G) , a sharp(eg. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. Note 1 is the tonic note - the starting note - Ab, and note 13 is the same note name but one octave higher. This scale sounds the same as the G# natural minor scale, which is also a commonly used scale. Chords In The Keys Of A, B, C, D, E, F, G Flat, Sharp, Major & Minor For each of the 7 notes, look across and try to find the White note name in the Scale note name. Note that sometimes it is necessary to adjust the note name two half-tones / semitones forward or back, which will result in an adjusted name containing a double-sharp or double-flat. The note Eb is down 5 half-steps from Ab, but up 7 half-steps from Ab: Despite being a crucial part of grade exams, easy marks are often lost due to poor preparation of scales. The stave diagrams above show the scale notes without a key signature, with the sharp / flat adjustments inserted before each note on the staff. How to Play: Ab Minor Scale on Trombone. Note that sometimes it is necessary to adjust the note name two half-tones / semitones forward or back, which will result in an adjusted name containing a double-sharp or double-flat. After doing the adjustments to all mistmatches, all letters A..G will have been used for this minor scale, and no rules have been broken. So assuming octave note 8 has been played in the step above, the notes now descend back to the tonic. Abm Chord Structure Notes: Ab B Eb Interval structure: R m3 5 Chord construction: R = Ab Ab + minor interval = B (scale degree = minor 3rd) B + major interval = Eb (scale degree = 5th) Chords related to Abm G#m; Abm on other instruments Abm piano It does this because in this scale, the 7th note is only 1 half-tone / semitone away from the 8th note - the octave note. The A-flat melodic minor scale has 5 flats. The rule ensures that every position of a staff is used once and once only - whether that position be a note in a space, or a note on a line. The A-flat natural minor scale has 7 flats. The match fails when trying to find a C-type of scale note, because either this type of note does not exist in this scale, or it exists but is in the wrong position number / table row for this match. This step tries to assign note names to the piano keys identified in the previous step, so that they can be written on a note staff in the Solution section. But music theory rules allow the name of any note to be sharpened or flattened, even white note names, so since a C-type of note name is needed, the real scale note B will be renamed to Cb. The first variation for descending notes is to just reverse the ascending notes and note names as shown below. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. The numbered notes are those that might be used when building this note scale. Eb is a fourth below Ab. To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black. This step shows the A-flat melodic minor scale degrees - tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note / tone, and octave. The A-flat natural minor scale has 7 flats. Let’s take a look at the intervals of the Ab minor scale. The difference between the two types of melodic minor descending variations are explained in steps 6 and 7 of the Lesson steps below. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. If the natural white note can be found in the scale note, the scale note is written in the Match? In contrast, the Ab major scale has only one half-tone / semitone separating the 7th and 8th notes, and in this case the seventh note is called the leading note or leading tone, as the 7th note feels like it wants to resolve and finish at the octave note, when all major scale notes are played in sequence. F is a minor third below Ab. But since this is a scale in the key of Ab, it is certain that notes 1 and 13 will be used in the scale. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. There are not one but three Minor scales, all presented here with keyboard diagrams, notes and fingerings. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the A-flat minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names, and scale degree names. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. Confusing, right? The 1st note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 2nd note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 3rd note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 4th note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 5th note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 6th note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 7th note of the A-flat natural minor scale is, The 8th note of the A-flat natural minor scale is. The root notes are always Ab tones. This step shows the notes when descending the A-flat melodic minor scale, going from the highest note sound back to the starting note, using the natural minor scale descending notes. Of course, even though the note is named Cb, when it comes to playing the note on an instrument, the real note B is really played. Confusing, right? This step shows the A-flat melodic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef, using the. Notes: Ab B Eb Gb Interval structure: R m3 5 m7 Chord construction: R = Ab Ab + minor interval = B (scale degree = minor 3rd) B + major interval = Eb (scale degree = 5th) Eb + minor interval = Gb (scale degree = minor 7th) Chords related to Abm7 G#m7; Abm7 on other instruments Ab-7 piano Ab-7 guitar Ab-7 ukulele Ab-7 mandolin Ab-7 banjo This step shows an octave of notes in the key of A-flat, to identify the start and end notes of the scale. The adjustments done in this step do not change the pitch / sound of the note, only the name of the note. It also shows the scale degree names for all 8 notes. The numbered notes are those that might be used when building this note scale. Gb). The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Natural minor scale. F is a minor third below Ab. The vast collection of tunes featured on this website, are in various keys, tempos and time signatures, meaning that you will be able to improve your flexibility and your understanding of many different musical settings. Guitar Backing Tracks . Middle C (midi note 60) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on the piano diagram. a bass or treble clef), there is no possibility of having 2 G-type notes, for example, with one of the notes needing an accidental next to it on the staff (a sharp, flat or natural symbol).