There appears to be two primary explanations for the emergence of religious systems: for psychological reasons and social reasons. Theoretical perspective Major assumptions; Functionalism: Religion serves several functions for society. This is the psychological function of myth, which lies at the heart of the other three functions. Psychologically, religion helps people answer the big existential questions, why do we die and suffer, and help people cope with uncertainty. Relevance. 1.) 1 decade ago. A moral community is a community that is united by its religious practices). The Functions of Religion Presentation is designed to introduce students to these general ideas by encouraging them to think about “the functions of religion” in terms of four broad categories: 1. On pages 10 and 11, he gives six functions of religion: 1. Explanation, especially of origins or causes. Humans wonder why things are as they are. Functions of Religion: As one of the basic social institutions, religion performs several important functions. Anonymous. According to Joseph Campbell, this is the most important of the four functions. 2.) what are the 4 functions of religion? Religion provides comfort, hope, perhaps love, definitely a sense of control, and relief from fear and despair. Filling individual needs, especially psychological or emotional needs. Social functions and dysfunctions of religion. Discipline involves the idea a sense of shared beliefs and values is created by following a set of religious moral rules and codes. These include (a) giving meaning and purpose to life, (b) reinforcing social unity and stability, (c) serving as an agent of social control of behavior, (d) promoting physical and psychological well-being, and (e) motivating people to work for positive social change. Answer Save. Many of these social scientists are known to belong to the tradition of functionalist thought. Pacifying those without power with promises of a better tomorrow, to keep them under the control of those with power. The Main Function of Religion According to Sociological Arguments Many sociologists believe that the main function of religion is to provide people with a code of conduct, which regulates personal and social life. The Function of Religion. The perpetuation of itself -- like any other good meme. Social scientists have analyzed religion in terms of what it does for the individual, community or society through its functions and dysfunctions. The Pedagogical Function “What we observe is not Nature itself but Nature exposed to our method of questioning.” ~ Werner Heisenberg. Favorite Answer. There are two main theories to what role religion plays … 13 Answers. 2. There are four primary social functions of religion. thanks. They are as follows: to serve as a disciplinary and preparatory function, provide ceremonial and ritual that leads to cohesive function, revitalizing function, as well as a euphoric function. ‘Religion is a belief in powers superior to man, which are believed to direct and con­trol the course of nature and of human life.’ – James Frazer . 2.